Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa

Russian Airlines
November 26, 2007 18:42

Long distances, remote cities and relatives living so far away – that is true about Russia. No wonder, that planes are very often the only possible transport able to take you to your destination point on time. Today lots of air carriers can fly you from one Russian city to another or abroad. Here are some notes about the biggest Russian airlines for you to choose from.


Based at Sheremetyevo airport in Moscow Aeroflot remains the leading air carrier in the RF since the day of its foundation in 1923. The first regular domestic route was organized between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod on 15 July 1923. The name Aeroflot is short for the Central Administration of Civil Air Fleet founded in 1932. In 1956 Aeroflot launched the world's first jet, the TU-104 for operation on Russia's domestic and international routes.

In August 1959, Sheremetyevo airport was opened with the primary task of accommodating international flights.

In 1980 Aeroflot performed as the general carrier of participants of the XXII Olympic Games held in Moscow. A new international airport Sheremetyevo 2, capable of simultaneously handling 31 aircraft of any type, was constructed in order to welcome athletes and guests to the capital from all over the world. The official opening ceremony was held on May 6.

In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, former Soviet republics and regions in Russia began founding their own airline companies. Aeroflot was the successor to the name Aeroflot and trademark of the former Soviet air carrier. In 1993 Aeroflot was registered as open joint-stock company and preserved legal rights for the trademark “Aeroflot” which is one of the best known Russian brands in the world.

Today the company employs more than 14,000 staff and operates 302 flights a day to 93 destinations in 47 countries with a fleet of 81 aircraft.

With its subsidiaries, it carried an estimated 9 million passengers during 2006, accounting for 23 per cent of the domestic market, making it Russia’s largest airline.


S7 (Sibir Airlines) 

Sibir Airlines is the descendent of Aeroflot’s largest regional subsidiary set up in Tolmachevo, Novosibirsk in 1957. Its first passenger flights were between Novosibirsk and Moscow with Tu-104s.

In May 1992 a state-run enterprise called Sibir Airlines, based at the Tolmachevo airport, was created by the decree of the Russian Ministry of Transport. In August 1994, Sibir Airlines received its international IATA code, S7, and in 2001 it became an active member of the International Air Transport Association.

Since 1998, the company has been growing rapidly. Since 2002, Sibir has been Russia’s leading domestic carrier.

Today S7 is one of the world’s 50 biggest domestic airlines, and one of the top 100 in terms of key performance indicators. In 2006 the company made over 40,000 flights, carrying 4,900,000 passengers and more than 28,000 tones of cargo and post.

Since March 2006, Sibir Airlines has operated under the registered trade name S7 Airlines. Today, S7’s passengers can easily take advantage of the extensive opportunities offered by the airline’s domestic flight network to every major city in Russia and the rest of the CIS. S7 operates scheduled flights to Europe and countries in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as charter flights to 20 countries around the world.

To keep its flight network operating efficiently and smoothly, S7 has a large fleet of aircraft, amongst which are 60 long-haul airliners, including Airbus 319 and A310s, Boeing 737s, Tupolev Tu-154s and Ilyushin Il-86s.

In 2005, S7 became the first Russian airline to launch an internet ticket sales service via its website, This area is developing well, opening up new opportunities for S7 passengers.



Russia airlines is the “Air Company of Two Capitals”, as it is based in two airports: Vnukovo in Moscow and Pulkovo in St Petersburg.

It is Russia’s largest state-owned air company, and the leading air carrier in the North-Western Region of the RF.

The company was established by the RF President’s Decree No. 1119 of August 24, 2004 by merger of Pulkovo Airlines and STC Russia (Moscow). The new air company FSUE STC Russia was registered in St. Petersburg on October 9, 2006. The main purpose of restructuring was to create a powerful, advanced and competitive state-owned air carrier, as a part of the governmental strategy to improve the air transport enterprises’ structure to optimize the number of airlines and to consolidate them.

Today, the company offers flights to over 10 cities of the world and has 50 offices in Russia and countries in and outside of the former Soviet Union. The fleet of the RUSSIA air company consists of Boeing 737-500, Tu-214, Tu-154, Tu-134, Il-86, Il-96, Il-62 and Yak-40.

The main purpose of the restructuring is to create a powerful, advanced and competitive state-owned air carrier, as a part of the governmental strategy to improve the air transport enterprises’ structure to optimize the number of airlines and to consolidate them.



The history of the airline dates back to 1934. The first squadron was based at an airdrome, which was then located several kilometers of the City of Tyumen. Its aim was to support the operation of the Northern Shipping Lane.

The Tyumen aviation group managed and controlled the operation of subordinate units, which carried passengers, mail, cargo, made service flights for exploratory expeditions, medical service flights, forest patrol flights and spread pesticides.

With the beginning of the development of oil and gas deposits, the Civil Aviation Minister of the USSR issued an order on February 7, 1967 to organize the Tyumen Civil Aviation Department on the basis of the Tyumen Aviation Group of the Ural Civil Aviation Department.

In 1991 Tyumenaviatrans was declared a full successor of the Tyumen Civil Aviation Department

In accordance with a respective decree of the President of Russia and a decision by the staff of the airline, on October 28, 1992 Tyumenaviatrans was transformed into a joint-stock company, called the Tyumen Aviation Transport Company "Tyumenaviatrans." The new company was the full successor of the previous airline.

A new name of the airline, UTair, was approved at a general meeting of shareholders in the Tyumenaviatrans Airline in Khanty-Mansiysk on May 30, 2002. At present, the airline is one of the leaders on the aviation services market of Russia and is one of the four largest helicopter operators in the world.

In order to support small aviation flights the Company operates about forty assigned airports, helipads and landing sites in Tyumen region.

Over 2,5 million passengers a year choose UTair, giving preference to the high level of flight safety, high quality of services, regularity of flights, a convenient network of routs and flight schedule, and flexible rates.


Transaero Airlines


Transaero Airlines is one of the Russian first-rate air carriers, moreover, it is notable for that Transaero was the first private airline in the history of Russia. It is the only company posessing passengers of Boeing 747 and Boeing 777 on the post-Soviet space. However, Transaero exploits Russian aircrafts as well: they are new Tupolev, Tu-214.

Contact information

IATA code: UN
ICAO code: TSO
Address: Russia, Moscow 47/1 Bolshaya Polyanka Street, 119180 (for posting only)

Phone: +7 (495) 788 80 80 Moscow (multichannel phone), +1 877 747-1191 USA (Toll free number).
Official web site:
Date of foundation: 1991
Airport: Domodedovo (Moscow)

Director General Transaero Airlines - Olga Pleshakova

From the very beginning, the company tries to absorb the best in the world civil aviation industry. It was the first air carrier in Russia to add modern foreign-made aircrafts to its park and to create a flexible system of fares and discounts, as well as to design and introduce frequent-flyer incentive programs. Transaero standards are rather high: the pilots are trained in Boeing Company, United Airlines, American Airlines and British Airways, and flight attendants in Air France, British Airways, Finnair and KLM.

Officially, Transaero Airlines was registered on September, 30, 1990. But the company's real birthday took place later. Transaero carried out its first flight on November 5, 1991. It was a charter one Moscow-Tel Aviv-Moscow. An aircraft bore the company’s own airline code, UN, although it was leased. In 1992, the airline bought its first own aircraft: an Ilyushin Il-86. Transaero launched regular domestic and international flights in 1993.

In 1993, Transaero started operating Boeing airliners. It was the first Russian company to do this. Traffic and route network were growing so rapidly, that in 1995, Transaero was named the world’s fastest-growing airline by IATA (International Air Transport Association). In 2007 and 2008, Transaero was the leader in the Russian airline industry in terms of absolute increase in passenger traffic. In 2001, Transaero moved its home base to Domodedovo Airport. From 2006 the airline began to expand its network of flights from the northern capital of Russia as well.

In 2007, Transaero became the first Russian airline to launch e-ticketing and online check-in.

Air company also pays attention to luxury. In 2008, Transaero launched its Imperial Class with a unique comfort standard. For ordinary passengers Transaero introduced a three-cabin layout on its Boeing 737 and Boeing 767 aircraft: Business Class, Premium Economy Class and Tourist Economy Class. Their Boeing 777 long-range airliners are Russia’s only four-cabin passenger aircraft.

Flight geography of Transaero is really wide, among the cities Transaero flies to are Aqaba, Alicante, Amritsar, Antalya, Araxos Basel, Barcelona, Berlin, Sofia, Varadero, Varna, Vienna, Genoa, Goa, Hong Kong, Denpasar, Dubai, Dubrovnik, Girona, Ibiza, Heraklion, Johannesburg, Catania, Corfu, Kos, Larnaca, Lyon, London, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Miami, Malaga, Male, Monastir, Montreal, Munich, New York, Pardubice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Beijing, Pula, Punta Cana, Riga, Rodos, Santorini Sanya, Sydney, Singapore, Strasbourg, Tel Aviv, Tenerife, Tivat Tokyo Toronto Treviso, Faro, Frankfurt am Main, Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh.


Airlines That Didn't Survive

Sky Express was the pioneer on the Russian low-cost aviation market. Set up in 2006, the airlines was headquartered in Vnukovo Airport. In 2009, it joined the top 10, carrying 1.1 million passengers. It lost its license in the autumn on 2011.

Avianova was the second low-cost airlines in Russia which operated in 2009-2011, with flights across Russia and to the Ukrainian city of Simferopol. The company was a brainchild of the A1 Group, part of the Alfa Group, and Indigo Partners, a U.S. investment fund. It quit the market following significant losses and a row between the investors.


Krasnodar-based Kuban Airlines ceased operations on 11 December 2012 due to financial difficulties. The company offered regular and charter services, with flights to a number of Russian and CIS cities, and abroad.

Red Wings Airlines was primarily a charter airline based in Vnukovo Airport. Owned by Russian tycoon Alexander Lebedev, it a fleet of ten Tu-204-100Bs. The eleventh was destroyed in a crash on December 29, 2012, which is believed to be the main cause why its license was revoked in February 2013.


Read more about Russian Airlines...

Olga Pletneva (updated by Mikhail Vesely)

Tags: Russian business Russian Airlines    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Radio Stations Russian Metallurgical Companies Russian Aircraft Manufacturers Russian Airlines Electronic Russia: 10 Russian ompanies Able to Meet Competition with the West, Part 1

comments powered by Disqus

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Cinema  Kimono  Russian business  Valery Gergiev  St. Petersburg  ENEA  Peter Riess  Monuments in Moscow  Aeroflot  Exhibitions in Moscow  investment  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian exhibitions  Federal Migration Service   corruption  Russian medics  Russian football team  Cinema Night  travel to Russia  Alexander Sumarokov  Book Tickets for Concerts  Frantz Josef Land  Zelenograd  The Ministry of Education and Science  Irregular Cinema  Tula  Russian regions  Kaliningrad Oblast  Russian culture  US sanctions  Moscow skyscrapers   Faberge Museum  Festivals in Moscow  FC Zenith  Russian officials  Higher School of Economics  Russian Literature  Saransk airport  International space station  Plesetsk cosmodrome  New Films  Primorsky Territory  Russian tourism  Central Bank  Monuments in Novosibirsk  Moscow  Tymen  Romanovs  Russian Bears  Multimedia Art Museum 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites