Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Architecture of 18th Century
August 27, 2014 15:48


Russian architecture was influenced by the Western culture more than any other spheres. The new capital of Russia - St. Petersburg — was in drastic contrast to Moscow. The city of Peter the Great was based on totally new principles of town planning: the city of ensemble character was designed with strict planning of streets, squares, office buildings and palaces. Until recently St. Petersburg was considered a really modern city, whereas Moscow was often referred to as “a big village”. Some admirers of magnificent Petersburg suggested call it “the 8th world wonder”.
Just recently, due to appearance of postmodernism architecture, which caused reappraisal of values, Moscow surpassed Petersburg in its architectural significance.
Russian Classicism in architecture of the 18th century was represented by I.E. Sgarov, D. Kvarengi, V. I. Bazhenov, and M. F. Kazakov. I.E. Sgarov built Tavrichesky Palace and the Trinity Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky Lavra in Petersburg. D. Kvarengi constructed the Concert Hall pavilion and the Aleksandrovsky Palace in Tsarskoye Selo (nowadays Pushkin), the Hermitage Theater and Assignatsionny Bank in Petersburg. The architects V. I. Bazhenov and M. F. Kazakov worked in Moscow. The former created the magnificent Pashkov's House, and the latter designed the original building of the Moscow University, the Senate in the Moscow Kremlin, and the First City Hospital.
The Russian Baroque in architecture was remarkably embodied by works of D. Trezini and V. V. Rastrelli. D. Trezini constructed the Building of Twelve Boards (nowadays the University), the Summer Palace of Peter the Great and the Peter and Paul Fortress Cathedral in Petersburg. V. V. Rastrelli built the Winter Palace (nowadays the world famous Hermitage) and Smolny Monastery in St. Petersburg, the big Peterhof Palace, and the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo.


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Architecture Russian History    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Victory Day: Our Warm Words Mythical Lands of Russia, Part 2 Vanished Towns of Russia: Mologa Russian Literature of the 16th Century 5 Historical Gardens Of St. Petersburg: Part 1 - Mikhailovsky Garden





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Tver  GUM Department Store  Unusual Incidents  Mongolia  Awards  Bogorodskoye  Russian Cinema  Universal Credit Rating Group  car market  Russian history  White Nights Festival  corruption  Russian tourism  Russian aviation  Yeniseisk  Russian Literature  Russian Metro  Film Festivals  Irkutsk Region  Russian business  incident  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Trash  hotel reservation  Archeology  New Films  Chelyabinsk Region  Arkady Raikin  Joseph Stalin  ban  Russian mobile networks  Metro  Painting  Wooden Architecture  Music Festivals  biology  Rotterdam Film Festival  Chukotka  Navalny  CocoRosie  Konstantin Gedroits  Calligraphy Museum  Moscow  Vladimir Vysotsky  Exhibitions in Moscow  Bolotnaya  All-Russian Museum of Arts and Crafts and Folk Art  Novgorod Region  Russian laws  Nevyansk 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites