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20 Most Famous Vanished Ancient Cities of Russia, Part 4
December 29, 2014 20:16


Previous: 20 Most Famous Vanished Ancient Cities of Russia, Part 3

11. IVOLGINSKY site of ancient settlement (aka the Hunnish site) is the largest Hunnish archaeological monument in the Western Transbaikalia. It is located in the southwest suburb of Ulan-Ude, the capital of Buryatia, on the left bank of River Selenga.

 
The Ivolginsky site was a frontier outpost, a trade and barter trade point, as well as the administrative, handicraft and agricultural center in the northern suburb of the Hunnic Empire founded in the 3rd century BC.
 
12. BAYAN-UNDER (Goly-Ochi) is a site of the Hunnish ancient settlement of the Iron Age.
It is located 15 km to the south west of the Dyrestuy Village of the Dzhida District of Buryatia, and 0.3 km to the south of the burial ground of Bayan-Under, at the aggradation plain of the Selger Mountain. One of the characteristic features of Hunnish dwellings was a peculiar heating system. Chimney channels made of stone slabs were laid underfloor from the fireplace to all the parts of the house. The ancient hillfort of Bayan-Under served as the military station of the Hunnish people and an administrative centre.
 
13. ELIZAVETINSKOYE is the archeological site of an ancient settlement (the 4th – 1st centuries BC) of the Maeote. It is located in the southern suburb of Elizavetinskaya Station of the city of Krasnodar. The ancient settlement existed from the 5th century BC as a forthill of the Maeote tribe. It was a handicraft center majoring in ceramic production. The ancient settlement took the area of 200500 m. 
 
* Maeote was an ancient people inhabiting the east and southeast coast of the Azov Sea in the 1st millennium BC. Classic historians named the area from Azov Sea to Black Sea the land of Maeotes, whereas the Sea of Azov was named the Maeote Lake. Scientists assume that part of the Scythians was assimilated in the Maeote environment by the 5th century BC.  In the 4th – 3rd centuries BC lots of Meote tribes became part of the Bosporus Kingdom.
 
14. DMITRIYEVSKY Site is a complex of Saltovo-Mayats archeological culture. It consists of a fortress, a settlement and a burial ground. The ancient site stands on the right bank of River Korocha near the modern settlements of Dmitriyevka and Dobroye in the Shebekin District of the Belgorod Region.

 
Dmitriyevsky Fortress was built on a 50 m high cape, where there was a forthill back in the 1st millennium BC, i.e. in the early Iron Age. A chalk rock fortress was constructed there in the 8th century, during the heyday of the Hazar Khaganate. Its walls were up to 4 — 4.5 m thick and about the same size high. The fortress, a sort of a feudal castle, served as a shelter in case of danger to the population living in adjacent settlements.
 
The burial ground includes 161 graves, most of them made in catacombs dug out in hard soil. At the beginning of the 10th century the fortress was destroyed by invasion of the Pechenegs. Till the 12th century the Pechenegs lived there and then the Cuman people. The Russians lived there from the second half of the 12th century.

Next: 20 Most Famous Vanished Ancient Cities of Russia, Part 5


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian History     

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