Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Culture in the 12th 13th Centuries, Part 2
January 16, 2015 16:12


Previous: Russian Culture in the 12th – 13th Centuries, Part 1

Along with sorcerers and healers there appeared doctors. In Kiev, for example, there lived the well-known doctor Agapit, who knew “potions to heal this or that illness”. Improved knowledge in the field of mathematics turned to be of practical use in agriculture and calculating taxes and chronology in historical annals. Development of historical knowledge had a great impact on chronicles. There were historical chronicles and annalistic books (complete historical works of processed annalistic records) written in all the large cities, from Novgorod to Ryazan. Only chronicles of Vladimir and Suzdal, Volynsk and Novgorod have partially remained till date. Most of them are pervaided with the spirit of mighty princely power. Close connections of chroniclers with work of princely offices resulted in including diplomatic, administrative, and military documents into annalistic books. 

In Russia as well as in other countries, there was interconnection between handicraft, applied folk arts and architecture. So long as religious ideology dominated in the society, the best samples of architecture were related with the church, which was also a very rich customer. Transition to feudal dissociation was reflected in reduced size of churches, simplified interior and gradual replacement of mosaics with fresco painting. “Cubic” church with a massive dome became the prevailing type of church architecture. These changes were also related to fast development of stone architecture.
 
 
White stone carving on the southern wall of St. Demetrius Cathedral in Vladimir-on-Klyazma. 1194.
 
Churches and monasteries went on to be built in Kiev lands (Church of Saviour on Berestov, St. Cyril Church), but Kiev’s continuous changing hands from one prince to another created adverse conditions for development of art there. A number of outstanding art works were created in the Vladimir-and-Suzdal land, in particular in Vladimir-on-Klyazma with its Golden Gate, white stone architecture and stone carving. It still keeps magnificent old churches: the Assumption Cathedral, the world architecture masterpiece of St. Demetrius Cathedral with stone carved reliefs, the Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin on the Nerl River with decorative sculptures and the Bogolyubov princely palace including a cathedral.
 
Construction was carried out in Rostov, Suzdal, Nizhny Novgorod and other cities of Northeastern Russia. St. George Cathedral (the 1730s) with its stone carved antechurch in Yuryev-Polsk is a good example.
 
Large princely cathedrals gave way to smaller and simpler churches with more exquisite shapes and paintings in Novgorod lands of the seigniorial republic era. The world famous Church of the Saviour at Nereditsa (the late 12th century) stood out among them in Novgorod. Pskov Church of Saviour in Mirozh (the mid 12th century) painted with frescos is of great interest as an art monument.
 
 

 
 
 

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Culture Russian History    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Borodino Battle Friday Fun: In Soviet Russia... Artistic Culture of the 19th Century, Part 1 20 Most Famous Vanished Ancient Cities in Russia, Part 5 20 Most Famous Vanished Ancient Cities of Russia, Part 3









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Krasnodar  Russian oil  federal budget  Nicholai Roerich  International space station  St. Petersburg  Leningrad Region  Russian regions  Russian tourism  Writers  Navalny  Sheremetyevo Airport  Nikolo-Ugreshsky monastery  Russian opera  Kuzma Minin  Kalashnikov machine gun  Tractor  Depeche Mode  Tver region  travel to Russia  Syria  Monuments to People  Erwin Blumenfeld  Festivals  Russian business  inventions  Gelendzhik  Pavlovsk  Soyuzmultfilm Studio  Russian oil and gas industry   Ivan Goncharov  2014 World Cup  Russian Fine Arts  Andrey Smirnov  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Boomfest  Moscow  Pobeda  Exhibitions in Moscow  Alexander Pushkin  Alexander Suvorov  Sheremetyevo  Blog Tour   Lunarium  The Romanovs Dynasty  Tver  Festivals in Moscow  Russian Traditions  Komi Republic  Russian Cinema 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites