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History Of Veliky Novgorod
August 19, 2015 15:47


Novgorod was first mentioned in “The Tale of Bygone Years” and dates back to the year 859. However, the first settlements in this place emerged in Neolithic times - in III-IV millennia BC.

“The Tale of Sloven and Rus” assumes that the city appeared in 2395 BC. That means, it is possible that Novgorod is already older than 5000 years! However, historians have not arrived at a common view on the exact date of the foundation of Novgorod.

Therefore, the official date is conventionally considered the year 859.

According to the legend, when Novgorod was besieged by the troops of Suzdal residents, the Archbishop Iliya took an icon of “Our Lady of the Sign” and put it on the fortress wall so that is faced the attackers. One of the arrows of the attackers hit the icon, and a miracle happened - the icon turned its face away from the attackers and a tear came out of its eye. At the same moment all the residents of Suzdal became blind, and the city defenders defeated the enemy. Now you can see the trace of that arrow under the left eye on the icon of the Mother of God.

The miraculous icon is now located in St. Sophia Cathedral. Many all-Russian saints originated from this city, but there are also some local ones. For example, Nikolai Kochanov. There were two fools in the city in the fourteenth century – Fyodor from the Trade side and Nikolai from the Sophia Side. They came together in the middle of the city, on the bridge, and parodied Novgorod residents, portraying the way swear, trade, fight with each other – “indulge in sins”.

Nikolai got his nickname when he threw a cabbage (“kochan” in Russian) to Fyodor in the course of their “performance”. The official legend claimed that at that time he went by the water of Volkhov like by land. The cases of miraculous healing happened at the grave of the blessed man, and people built a cathedral of St. Panteleimon on it. The relics of the holy fool were kept in this cathedral, and people called it “Nikolo-Kochanovskaya Church”.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Veliky Novgorod     

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