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History Of Vladimir
November 18, 2015 11:22


In 1108 Vladimir Monomakh built a powerful fortress protected by the steep banks of the Klyazma River from the south and by the Lybid River from the north. Deep ravines were dug in the east and in the west. The fortress was named after its founder - Vladimir.

His son Yuri Dolgoruky founded Moscow, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Kideksha, Dmitrov, Yuryev-Polsky. Andrei Bogolyubskiy moved the capital of the North-Eastern Russia to Vladimir.

During the Mongol invasion Vladimir region was ruined. Vladimir has been the capital of the ancient Russian state for more than 250 years.

Until 1432 princes had been crowned to the great reign in the Vladimir Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Ancient Vladimir lives peacefully on the banks of the Klyazma River, welcomes and sees the travelers from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod and back, puffs with factory chimneys and flatters the curiosity of the tourists studying “The Golden Ring”. The city that once was the capital of the former North-Eastern Russia, has long lost its grand ambition.

Vladimir today is not a city-museum like the neighboring Suzdal. Historical buildings with regular layout and classical architecture of XVIII-XIX centuries are diluted with typical relics of the Soviet era. Three monasteries suffered a lot over time, especially after the revolution. There are not many parish churches as well – they have been systematically destroyed. The new city was conceived as an industrial one. But the spirit of the great ancient history breaks through the smoke of the industrial city. Even if Vladimir turned into a cluster of factory buildings and gray five-story buildings, and only one Cathedral of the Assumption was left, it would  be worth to give up everything and go to look at this miracle of pre-Mongolian architecture. The large white stone cathedral can be seen both  from the bank of Klyazma and from the city centre. The priceless fragments of the frescoes by Andrei Rublev have survived inside it. It is not just a city landmark, but one of the landmarks of Russia. In addition to the Assumption Cathedral, the architecture of pre-Mongol Russia in Vladimir is represented by the Dmitrievsky Cathedral with lace thread on the white walls and the powerful Golden Gate. 


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Vladimir Golden ring    

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