Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Stalin's Bunker In Izmailovo
November 30, 2012 14:32


(Photo credit: Julia Shuvalova, 2012)

Stalin's bunker in Moscow was built in 1930s. Its construction was a part of the government program, including ensuring defense capability of the country. In 1930s, in anticipation of a possible war, in the Soviet Union and in its capital dual-use objects were hastily erected (subway - a huge bomb shelter, tractor plants – at the same time, tanks-producing plants, macaroni factories with the ability to produce the gunpowder using the same equipment, bottle plants that could make cartridges, etc.).

Secret military bunker in Izmailovo was also masked above the ground by a peaceful building - a sports complex. The stadium was used as a disguise for the secret object. In the mass media it was announced that in order to ensure the appropriate organization of the Spartakiad, Central Stadium (Stadium of Nations) was built in Moscow, USSR. During the construction of the stadium the grandstands with no less than 120 000 numbered seats were added. They also built a large number of the auxiliary athletic facilities for educational and mass use. Alongside with the construction of the building the design also included the construction of the Palace of physical education together with scientific institutions, academies and an institute.

By 1941 Stalin's bunker was well protected from possible enemy`s air attacks by a reinforced concrete floor slab 8.6 m thick. It was placed on the walls between the intramural partition-walls 4 m thick made of natural stone for ensuring the stiffness. The place for the construction of the object was chosen in the east of the capital. If the enemy would attack from the west - the object would be built in the east. In the vicinity of the object three military airfields were located, including the most important strategic airfield of the country "Monino". Thus, a convenient location in the east of the capital close to the government and military airfields allowed to turn the object into a secret alternate Command Post of the Supreme Commander with the meeting room, offices, supporting services. Stalin`s block of the object included: Meeting Room of the Supreme Commander of the Red Army, Stalin`s study, Stalin`s lounge rooms, generals` office, military service and support rooms, a dining room.

In Stalin's study side-by-side with his working table there stood one more table. Strange figures were placed on this table. It was a game - a kind of chess, but with more complex rules. It was recommended for four people to play this game, but six players were also possible. The point of the game was to capture the rival`s city. If we draw an analogy with the game of cards pair-to-pair, the difference is that in the game of cards two players win. In this game only one player wins. That is, once you and your ally have captured enemy`s cities, an ally becomes an enemy. The game does not end here, it continues, just like it happens in a real life.

Tours to Mosow

Excursions in Mosow

Events in Mosow

Transfer from Sheremetyevo Airport




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Moscow museums Stalin Stalin's bunker Moscow  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Literary Yard "Krylov's Fables" in Moscow Laboratoria Art & Science Space in Moscow Memorial-Museum "Salute, Victory!" In Orenburg Top 5 Museums of Irkutsk The Kunstkamera Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography in St. Petersburg









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Sochi Olympics  Russian Literature  Viktor Vasnetsov  Lev Kuleshov  Arctic  Russian transport  Lipetsk   Russian Architecture  Red Arrow  Exhibitions in Moscow  Veniamin Smekhov  Qiwi  Russian opera singers  Russian business  Melanie Diener  Sheremetyevo Airport  Russian Cinema  Moscow  Mosow State University  travel to Russia  Russian regions  Tsaritsyno  Nizhny Novgorod Region  Tomsk  celebrities  Moscow beaches  physics  Nizhnevartovsk  Arkhangelsk region  Russian aviators  Wassily Kandinsky  Russian football team  Golden Ring Cities  TNK-BP  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian government  Novovoronezh  St. Petersburg  Festivals in Moscow  biology  Online Events during Quarantine  Olympics 2012  Childhood  Yamburg Fortress  Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov  Novgorod Region  Russian tourism  Musical Theatres  2014 World Cup  Isaac Levitan 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites