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The Moscow Kremlin
June 30, 2019 12:08

The Moscow Kremlin is one of the largest and most remarkable architectural ensembles of the world. It spreads along a high hill above the Moscow River in the heart of the capital city of Russia. The height of the Kremlin walls, narrow loopholes, battlegrounds, and the location of its towers - everything suggests that it is a fortress first of all. 
However, the impression changes as soon as you enter the Kremlin. On the area of ​​28 hectares, there are spacious squares and beautiful gardens, magnificent palaces and a number of churches and cathedrals.
A whole town inside the city, it was created over the course of many centuries and today keeps the monuments of Russian architecture of the
14th – 20th centuries. These are the ensembles of the Cathedral, Ivanovskaya, Senatskaya, Palace and Troitskaya Squares, as well as the Spasskaya, Borovitskaya and Palace Streets. All the ancient and new areas of the Kremlin constitute a single architectural unity, but each of them has its own specific history and unique appearance.

The Moscow Kremlin is a unique historical and cultural museum-reserve. In 1990, it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Thus, the monuments of the Moscow Kremlin acquired the world heritage status, and the Russian state undertook additional obligations towards the international community to preserve them.

The Kremlin Territory

The Moscow Kremlin is a stone chronicle of Russia. Just like it was in antiquity, so it is today that the Russian history is decided here. The architectural ensemble of the Moscow Kremlin includes monuments of various centuries. Here you will see the palaces of Russian sovereigns and emperors, the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church, as well as the residence of the President of Russia.

You will have a chance to walk along the Spasskaya Street, the most ancient street of Moscow where magnificent royal processions were held once, see the most ancient square of Moscow - the Cathedral Square, which keeps the unique architectural ensemble of the Middle Ages, visit Ivanovskaya Square, which was and still is the business and administrative center of Russia.

You will see the outstanding monuments of Old Russian architecture: the Assumption Cathedral, the Annunciation Cathedral, the Archangel Cathedral, Church of the Catacombs, the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Faceted Chamber and the Patriarch's Palace.

On the area of the Moscow Kremlin, you will see the Tsar Bell, which completed the casting of the Kremlin giant bells. Here you can see the largest surviving bells of the European type – the Assumption (aka Uspensky) Bell, which to this day adorns the Assumption Belfry of the Moscow Kremlin. Its sound is heard far beyond the walls during worship services in the Kremlin churches.

Not far from the Bell is the famous Tsar Cannon - a unique paragon of foundry art, similar to mortars, but nevertheless belonging to a special type of artillery guns, which are no other among the survived ones.


The Armoury is the only one in Russia and one of the few preserved treasury museums in the world. It takes a place of honor among such famous treasuries as the London Tower, the Green Vault in Dresden, and the Stockholm Armory.


The Assumption Cathedral was built by Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti as the first-throned Russian cathedral in 1474–1479. Important ceremonies were performed in the main cathedral of the state: the coronation of emperors, the enthronement of the heads of the Russian church.


The Archangel Cathedral was built by Italian architect Aleviz Novy on the site of a small white stone church of the 14th century in 1505–1508. The cathedral is dedicated to the Archangel Michael, the patron of warriors and rulers in their feats of arms.


The Annunciation Cathedral built by Russian masters in 1485-1489, was the home church of the great princes and tsars of Moscow. The church was built as part of the palace complex, with its north-western gallery serving as the main entrance to the royal palace. The cathedral has preserved a unique ensemble of frescoes from the mid-16th century, the epoch of Ivan the Terrible.

Top 10 Art Museums of Moscow and Saint Petersburg
The Tretyakov Gallery
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts
The State Museum of Oriental Art in Moscow
The State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg
The State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg
White Stone Architecture of the Old Rus'


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Moscow Kremlin Moscow Museums    

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