Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

April 5, 2011 14:57

Kalyuka (koluka) – a Russian overtone flute - is one of the traditional folk Russian music instruments. It is a hollow tube lacking playing holes is played following the same principles as the overtone flute.

Kalyuka produces notes from a natural scale, while the missing notes can be added with voice, imitating the sharp and hoarse sound of the instrument. Kalyuka is a rhythmic rather than melodic instrument; it helps musicians to strengthen the rhythm of a song or a dance. As there is no stopper in the upper end of the tube, though there is a fipple, a player has to help regulate blowing by means of a lower lip and a tongue.

Kalyukas were traditionally made of dried stalks of hollow umbellate plants, such as Motherwort, Angelica, Hogweed, and the like. Nowadays Kalyukas can also be made of PVC. The size of the instrument varies from 30 to 80 cm long and depends on the height of a player. A player defines the length of a tube “by the arm” – it had to fit in from a shoulder to the finger-tips of an outstretched arm. In general, the length is considered sufficient if a player can close the bottom hole of Kalyuka with a hand or fingers. The inner diameter of the pipe varies from 15 to 25 mm.

Kalyukas were mainly played by peasant men when returning after haymaking, when having rest, or on holidays to the accompaniment of a scythe, tapping rhythmic patterns on it to enliven dancing or fervent chastushkas (improvised humorous rhymes). Haymakers-musicians could make entire orchestras.

Read more about russian Music Instruments... 



Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Music Instruments     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

VII International Guitar Festival. From Classics to Rock A New Take on Classical Opera "Sadko" at the Bolshoi Theater Alexander Vertinsky & his 'Pierrot's sad songs' Yuri Vizbor History of Bell Founding in Russia, Part 1

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Music Samples

Ado - Vedi Sebya Khorosho

Tula Region  Russian tourism  TNK-BP  Russian theatres  Huskies in the City  Russian sport  satellite  Higher School of Economics  Tobolsk Kremlin  Rusian business  Murmansk Region  Russian Cinema  FIFA Russia 2018  Olympics 2012  Ceramics Museum  Russian economy  Moscow Architecture  Gazprom  Skolkovo  Football  Russian aviation  Best Universities  Abaza  Sergei Kholodovskiy.  hunger strike  Georgia  Honfleur Russian Film Festival  Russian business  Sochi Games   The Nightingale  Dmitry Mendeleev  Cancer  WTO accession  Sochi Pedestrian Bridge  Novomichurinsk  Russian airports  Sayan Mountains  Russian scientists  humour  Primorsky Territory  Karachay-Cherkessia  Russian science  Moscow  Vandalism  St. Petersburg  migrants in Russia  Arsenyev  Exhibitions in Moscow  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Wooden Architecture 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites