Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

April 5, 2011 14:57

Kalyuka (koluka) – a Russian overtone flute - is one of the traditional folk Russian music instruments. It is a hollow tube lacking playing holes is played following the same principles as the overtone flute.

Kalyuka produces notes from a natural scale, while the missing notes can be added with voice, imitating the sharp and hoarse sound of the instrument. Kalyuka is a rhythmic rather than melodic instrument; it helps musicians to strengthen the rhythm of a song or a dance. As there is no stopper in the upper end of the tube, though there is a fipple, a player has to help regulate blowing by means of a lower lip and a tongue.

Kalyukas were traditionally made of dried stalks of hollow umbellate plants, such as Motherwort, Angelica, Hogweed, and the like. Nowadays Kalyukas can also be made of PVC. The size of the instrument varies from 30 to 80 cm long and depends on the height of a player. A player defines the length of a tube “by the arm” – it had to fit in from a shoulder to the finger-tips of an outstretched arm. In general, the length is considered sufficient if a player can close the bottom hole of Kalyuka with a hand or fingers. The inner diameter of the pipe varies from 15 to 25 mm.

Kalyukas were mainly played by peasant men when returning after haymaking, when having rest, or on holidays to the accompaniment of a scythe, tapping rhythmic patterns on it to enliven dancing or fervent chastushkas (improvised humorous rhymes). Haymakers-musicians could make entire orchestras.

Read more about russian Music Instruments... 



Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Music Instruments     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Vargan, the Russian Jews-harp Psoy Korolenko Yegor Letov and his Defense New Wave 2018 - International Contest of Young Pop Singers in Sochi Live Broadcasts of Russian Operas, Ballets and Symphonies

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map

Music Samples

Zhanna Bichevskaya - Milenky ty-moi

Murmansk  Mikhail Nesterov  business  organic chemistry  VTB  Maria Alyokhina  Tomsk  Russian tourism  WINZAVOD Centre for Contemporary Arts  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Dagestan  Sochi Olympics  skiing in Russia  Winzavod  Russian Poetry  March 8  St. Petersburg  Russian business  Personal Choice  hotel networks  Eccentricities  Travel  travel to Russia  Chukotka  Post-Revolutionary Writers  Animation Festivals  Vera Pestel  Catherine II  Festivals in Moscow  Russian cities  fan zone Mexico  Exhibitions in Moscow  Moscow  Boris Berezovsky  North Caucasus  Mutation  Russian rental market  Vladimir  Russian Bears  Russian regions  Aleksey Kudrin  Krasnoyark Territory  Sberbank  Astrakhan  accident  space news  Obraztsov State Academic Puppet Theater  Russian Cinema  terrorism  Musicals in Moscow 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites