Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

April 5, 2011 14:57

Kalyuka (koluka) – a Russian overtone flute - is one of the traditional folk Russian music instruments. It is a hollow tube lacking playing holes is played following the same principles as the overtone flute.

Kalyuka produces notes from a natural scale, while the missing notes can be added with voice, imitating the sharp and hoarse sound of the instrument. Kalyuka is a rhythmic rather than melodic instrument; it helps musicians to strengthen the rhythm of a song or a dance. As there is no stopper in the upper end of the tube, though there is a fipple, a player has to help regulate blowing by means of a lower lip and a tongue.

Kalyukas were traditionally made of dried stalks of hollow umbellate plants, such as Motherwort, Angelica, Hogweed, and the like. Nowadays Kalyukas can also be made of PVC. The size of the instrument varies from 30 to 80 cm long and depends on the height of a player. A player defines the length of a tube “by the arm” – it had to fit in from a shoulder to the finger-tips of an outstretched arm. In general, the length is considered sufficient if a player can close the bottom hole of Kalyuka with a hand or fingers. The inner diameter of the pipe varies from 15 to 25 mm.

Kalyukas were mainly played by peasant men when returning after haymaking, when having rest, or on holidays to the accompaniment of a scythe, tapping rhythmic patterns on it to enliven dancing or fervent chastushkas (improvised humorous rhymes). Haymakers-musicians could make entire orchestras.

Read more about russian Music Instruments... 



Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Music Instruments     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Best Waltzes - Concert of the State Academic Symphony Orchestra in Moscow Kremlin Russian classical music Russian Sacred Music Alexander Bashlachev Blatnyak - Russian Criminal Song

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map

Music Samples

Shostakovitch - Symphony No 4

Russian winter  Moscow Estates  Yandex  State Museum of Oriental Art  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian regions  Russian Composers  Transportation  Russian exhibitions  aircraft  tourism exhibition  Mikhaylovskoye  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian business  Censorship  St. Petersburg  Russian Museums   ban  Cold  Aleksandr Tvardovsky  Russian catering industry  Central House of Artist  Russian Cinema  Navalny  Festivals in Moscow  Moscow  Novokuybyshevsk  Russian tourism  Easter  Chechen republic  Kirov Region  Gourmet Tours  Economic Crime  Vladimir Vernadsky  Temryuk  Tula  New Year celebrations  travel to Russia  Shaltay Boltay  Monumental Art  Russian energy companies   Eastern Economic Forum  Olga Zaitseva  Far East  tours to Russia  Russian social networks  Bakhtyar Khudojnazarov  Book Tickets for Concerts  Grand Hotel on Wheels  BP 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites