Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Old Russian Pictorial Embroidery
March 11, 2011 17:12


Old Russian pictorial embroidery (aka "needle painting") is one of the Russian arts and crafts that developed under the direct influence of Byzantine and were widely spread in the Old Rus'. Unlike ornamental embroidery these works depicted "the face" and were made with the use of gold and silver threads, pearls, jewels and gems. The subject images of Russian pictorial embroidery are close to the artistic and figurative system of icons and frescos and are combined with liturgical and set-in inscriptions. At the same time pictorial embroidery has its own features, among them greater dependence on material, technology and functional purpose of an item than in other kinds of visual arts.

The largest collections of pictorial embroidery pieces are kept in the Moscow Kremlin Museums, in the Moscow History Museum, in the Russian Museum in St.Petersburg, in Sergiev-Posad and Novgorod museums.

Usually works of pictoriual embroidery consist of the central picture — saints, scenes of their life, and evangelical or iconographic scenes — a frame with similar images or ornamentation, with embrodiered liturgical and set-in inscriptions.

The faces were usually embroidered with fine silk of different shades of sand color, whereas clothes and all the other things were made in silk or silver and gold threads with use of different embroidery stitches. Sometimes thick linen or cotton fabric was underlaid to add relief. Quite often embroidery was decorated with jewels and pearls. For durability painted canvas was put under silk fabric and then lining was stitched to it.

The pictorial embroideries were quite complicated to create. Sometimes several artists worked on one and the same piece performing special funcitons of icon painters, and 'writers' who drew images, ornaments and inscriptions. A sample was first marked on paper, and then transferred to fabric. Sometimes it was drawn directly on fabric, and then marked on paper. For drawing they used ink, soot, whitewash, minium and other paints. The artists who drew samples for pictorial embroidery were usually professional icon painters, ornamentalists and calligraphers. Handicraftswomen overedged the fabric drawing with white threads, and then embroidered it.

Embroidering of church veils was considered godly activity. In every more or less rich house of Old Russia there were special light rooms intended for women's needlework. Up to fifty handicraftswomen could work in such a room under the head of the lady of the house. Russian convents were also famous for their pictorial embroidery.

Among embroideresses there were tsarinas and princesses, boyars and nuns, merchants' wives and common craftswomen. Embroidery was a labor-consuming and long process. The works of pictorial embroidery were presented to churches and monasteries. Veils, bannersand and entire embroidered iconostases accompanied various solemn processions and ceremonies, as well as military parades and campaigns. Embroidery monuments as valuable items were presented to representatives of clergy of other Orthodox Christian countries.

Buy Russian souvenirs

Get emotions from Russian art - Book Tickets for events

Book unique excursions by locals

Explore Russia - Book Tours Here

Russian Train Tickets Booking

Find and book transfer in Russia

 

Sources:
st-alexis.ru
Russian wiki


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Traditions Russian Embroidery Russian Arts and Crafts   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

National Russian Dress: Footwear Merry Russian Christmas Samovar Russian Tea Machine National Russian Dress: Costume decorations Old Russian Pictorial Embroidery









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Nadezhda Yusupova  Helikon-Opera  St. Petersburg  Triumphal Square  Moscow hotels  Russian Nature  Landscapes  Russian spacecrafts  Festivals in Moscow  Russian Cinema  Aleksandra Exter  Russian tourism  travel to Russia  Veronika Skvortsova  Russian football team  the Bolshoi Theatre  Monuments  Russian regions  Russian satellites  Russia international  Andrei Sakharov  Russian journalists  The Romanov Family  Exhibitions in Moscow  Dostoevsky Day  ski jumping  Moscow Zoo  Chinese and Russian Culture and Art Festival  summit  Peter Miturich  Krasnoyarsk  Yekaterinburg  anniversary  Vorobyovy Gory  Writers  Moscow  satellite  Russian Cup  Russian Wooden Architecture  Russian history  Sochi transfer  Archaeology  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Elks  Yury Roerich  Russian fashion  Sberbank  Russian business  Krasnodar region  Konstantin Khabensky 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites