Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

April 5, 2011 14:57

Kalyuka (koluka) – a Russian overtone flute - is one of the traditional folk Russian music instruments. It is a hollow tube lacking playing holes is played following the same principles as the overtone flute.

Kalyuka produces notes from a natural scale, while the missing notes can be added with voice, imitating the sharp and hoarse sound of the instrument. Kalyuka is a rhythmic rather than melodic instrument; it helps musicians to strengthen the rhythm of a song or a dance. As there is no stopper in the upper end of the tube, though there is a fipple, a player has to help regulate blowing by means of a lower lip and a tongue.

Kalyukas were traditionally made of dried stalks of hollow umbellate plants, such as Motherwort, Angelica, Hogweed, and the like. Nowadays Kalyukas can also be made of PVC. The size of the instrument varies from 30 to 80 cm long and depends on the height of a player. A player defines the length of a tube “by the arm” – it had to fit in from a shoulder to the finger-tips of an outstretched arm. In general, the length is considered sufficient if a player can close the bottom hole of Kalyuka with a hand or fingers. The inner diameter of the pipe varies from 15 to 25 mm.

Kalyukas were mainly played by peasant men when returning after haymaking, when having rest, or on holidays to the accompaniment of a scythe, tapping rhythmic patterns on it to enliven dancing or fervent chastushkas (improvised humorous rhymes). Haymakers-musicians could make entire orchestras.

Read more about russian Music Instruments... 



Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Music Instruments     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Drinks What are They? Chastushka: Russian Witty Ditty Tradition Russian Winter Season: A Digest of Russia-InfoCentre Features about the Festivities Maslenitsa, the Holiday of Spring and Sun Russian Holidays

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Moscow  Russian science  Alisher Usmanov  Russian courts  Seaquarium   Leo Tolstoy  St. Petersburg  Paramushir Island  Tulun  Mikhail Bulgakov  Interactive Maps  apartments in Russia  LUKoil   All-Russian Exhibition Centre  Belokuriha  occult medicine  Russian business  Festivals  Russian economy  Russian tourism  Russian scientists  Ski resorts  Russian Cinema  Khabarovsk  Monuments to People  Danila Kozlovsky  Tatarstan  Science  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Father Frost  Exhibitions in Moscow  Archaeology  pedestrian zones  tourist destinations  Altai State University  Nordgold  Russian Icons  Fashion designers  Retail  Boris Grebenshchikov  Russian Poetry  Russian Literature  Russian orphanages  Photo Exhibitions  Republic of Bashkortostan  Russian Arts and Crafts  Festivals in Saint Petersburg  Tapestries  Russian aviation  Defense Industry 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites