Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Krestetsky Flaxen Embroidery
November 25, 2010 12:15


Krestetsky stitching (or Krestets embroidery aka Krestsy whitework) is an old Russian folk handicraft that developed in Krestetsky District from the 1860s. Krestetsky seaming is a unique kind of national cutwork-type embroidery.

The embroidery is carried out on a flaxen fabric, and threads of the basis and weft are cut and pulled out from the fabric forming holes in a grid-like pattern. The grid was filled with special designs and tracery. This fabric was used for creation of various patterns and embroideries. Krestetsky embroidery was popular as decoration for clothes, curtains, and towels.

Krestsy Settlement

Krestsy settlement and the entire Krestetsky District are well-known for this special kind of embroidery.

Krestsy is an urban settlement, the centre of Krestetsky District of the Novgorod Region. Other industries here except stitching include lumbering and woodworking, woodcarving, manufacturing of furniture, carved platbands and other wooden decorations. Earlier, in the 1950s flax growing was developed here. Highway Moscow – St. Petersburg runs through the district.

Krestsy Settlement was first recorded in 1393 and today it is registered on the list of historical cities and towns of Russia. The town was repeatedly destroyed, at first by the oprichniks of Ivan the Terrible in 1569, then by Polish invaders in the early 12th century. Catherine II made Krestsy a district town in 1776. Two years later Catherine's travelling palace and cathedral were built there. The town remained the centre of Krestetsky District till 1922. In 1926 it lost the status of a town. In 1938 Krestsy was transformed into an urban settlement.

History of Krestetsky Embroidery

Krestetsky stitching originated in the Village of Rakhino of Krestetsky District.

The handicraft developed from the 1860s and gained popularity not only in Rakhino, but also in the entire Krestetsky District and in the neighboring districts as well. The flax embroidery method developed and gave a year-round income to women, and therefore it passed on from one generation to another.

During the Soviet era masters of Krestetsky stitching were gathered in artels that manufactured various items. Traditional embroidery patterns consisting of rosettes, stars, squares and leaves were supplemented with Soviet artifacts, such as the state emblem of the USSR and union republics. The embroidery picture by N.M. Zhigunova and S.A. Vlasova with images of the arms of 16 Soviet republics, the Order of Victory and the Moscow Kremlin became an illustration to the article about the Krestetsky embroidery in the Big Soviet Encyclopedia.

Sources:
Russian Wiki
poezda.net
narodko.ru


V.Ivanova


Tags: Russian Arts and Crafts Russian Embroidery    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Engraving Art and its Development, Part 3 Symbolism in Russian Painting of the Silver Age, Part 2 The Most Unusual Houses in Russia, Part 1 The Russian Revival style Yelets Lace









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Pussy Riot case  Russian companies  Film Festivals  contemporary art  Russian Internet  Napoleon  Russian beaches  travel to Kazan  International Competition for Young Pianists in Brussels  Adler  Russian fashion  Archeology  Suzdal  Igor Grabar  My Russia  Romanovs  Alexander Popov  Itinerants  Pskov  Transaero  Russian tourism  Russian scientists  Kaluga  Russian science  Artists  Russian research  Moscow  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Isaak Schwartz  Fyodor Bondarchuck  Elton  Society Television  Yekaterinburg  Russian business  Moscow monuments  Russian Cinema  Federation Tower  Russian economy  Worker and Collective Farmer  Exhibitions in Moscow  Ivan Vasiliev  Online Exhibitions  Discount Tickets  St. Petersburg  Medvezhyegorsk  Chelyabinsk  Design  Olonets  Eurovision  Russian musicians 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites