Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Kholuy Miniature Painting
December 7, 2010 23:27


Kholuy miniature painting is a Russian folk handicraft that developed in Kholuy Village of the Ivanovo Region. It is a type of lacquered miniature painted in tempera on papier-mâché items, such as caskets, boxes, jugs, needle cases, etc.

Origin

Originally the craftsmen of Kholuy village, just like their neighbours in Palekh and Mstera, were engaged in icon-painting. Art experts refer Kholuy icon-painting, just like that of Palekh and Mstera, to Old Russian painting. According to them, the first icon-painters in Kholuy were monks of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Laura, who taught villagers this art, too. Kholuy icons were appreciated in the northern Russian provinces, such as Vologda, Arkhangelsk, Olonetsk and even in Saint Petersburg. Moreover, Kholuy got orders for painting icons from Bulgaria, Macedonia and Serbia.

Development

After the revolution of 1917 icon-painting workshops in Kholuy were closed and the artists had to make their living in some other ways. In 1934 Kholuy artists inspired by the example of painters from Palekh and Mstera, organized an artel and started developing their own style in lacquered miniature.

However, from the very beginning there was a certain feature that differed Kholuy miniature from others similar productions. For the sake of economy the craftsmen were taught to paint not on the items to be painted but on cardboard sheets. This peculiarity made artists tend to imitate easel painting.

Thanks to outstanding miniature painters, such as S.Mokin, K.Kosterin, V.Puzanov-Molev and D.Dobrynin lacquered miniatures was steadily gaining popularity; in 1937 at the World's Fair bronze medals were handed in to the folk masters.

In post-war years the peculiar style and individual manner of Kholuy artists that made them different from Fedoskino, Palekh and other miniature painters, were getting more prominent. The most peculiar feature in Kholuy miniature is the use of bluish-green and brownish-orange tints.

In 1959 Museum of Kholuy Art was founded in Kholuy. In 1961 Kholuy miniature entered the international market. Decorative lacquered panel paintings started to be created along with miniatures. Apart from the traditional black background the masters came to use saturated red, green and cherry colours.

The range of subjects is very wide: from fairy and epic plots, folklore, historical, literary, military, and architectural themes to satirical plots and portraits of figures of Russian culture. All those things together with the peculiar Kholuy manner, decorative and realistic at the same time, with the artists’ subtle individual differences, created the fame of Kholuy as one of the world centers of lacquered miniature painting.

 

Sources:
russia.rin.ru
yuzha.ru
Russian Wiki


V.Ivanova


Tags: Russian Arts and Crafts Russian Souvenirs Russian Miniature Painting Kholuy  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Woodcarving Tradition, Part 1 Yevgeni Kazantsev, the Painter of Russian Broad Expanse Architect Lev Rudnev, the Author of the Colossus of MSU Artist with a Star of His Own. Nikolai Zarubin Talashkino Carving and Painting Workshops









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Krasnoyarsk  Great Lent  Alexey Uchitel  Festivals in Moscow  Russian social networks  Sergei Lukyanenko  FIFA world cup 2018 tickets  Seliger  airport transfer in Russia  Kundur dinosaur cemetery  Photography  migration in Russia  Russian actors  Ornaments  Russian oligarchs  Censorship  Russian businessmen  Moscow  Exhibitions in Moscow  St. Petersburg  Street Art  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Chanel  contemporary art  Tallinn  Sochi  suburban trains  Buddhism  activity holidays  fashion weeks  Arkhangelsk  How to Get to Vnukovo Airport  Russian regions  FIFA Russia 2018  Konstantin Altunin  children  Russian business  Russian Cinema  Archeological Sites  Polyany  Monuments  Hermitage Museum  Rostov-on-Don  USA  rating  travel to Russia  amusement park   Russian tourism  Aladdin Garunov  Moscow government 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites