Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Christian Tin Miniature
December 10, 2010 15:01


Christian tin miniature is a modern type of Christian decorative and applied art of creating miniature sculptures. The handicraft appeared in the late 20th century in Russia in the midst of revival of the Russian Orthodox Church after communistic persecutions. It stands aside from the military and historical tin miniature and uses a combination of Christian round sculpture, iconography and ancient technology of tin cast moulding.

The miniatures can depict figurines of holy saints or scenes from the Bible stories. The small sculptures are not subjects of cult religious worship. Tin miniatures represent a live tradition of the Byzantine art and craft of ivory-carving of round sculptures - the craft that was lost in the 12th century. The only difference lies in technology.

The church has a controversial attitude to the kind of Christian creativity, since the traditional form in Orthodoxy is the icon-painting. Aversion to sculpture in Orthodoxy is associated with some historical bans on cult sculpture in the church.

But the authoritative theorist of church art L.A.Uspensky points out: “The Orthodox Church did not only ever forbid sculptural images, but … there cannot be such an interdiction at all, because it cannot be justified by anything”. In the first centuries AC the Church did not reject the sculpture. There are proofs to that fact, for example, quite numerous statues of “the Kind Pastor” that have come down to us.

Stages of Manufacture

The sculpture moulding begins with making a skeleton – the hands, legs, body, and the head - of copper wire. The skeleton should correspond to anatomic proportions as much as possible. Then the sculptor moulds the master-model figurine out of polymer clay. When ready, the master-model is baked in the stove.

Then a cast is taken from the master-model: one side of the model is enveloped in plasticine and thermal sealant is poured onto the other side. Then the sides are change and the second part of the mold is made of the thermal sealant. If a model is too complicated it can be divided into smaller details, which are later cast separately.

An alloy of tin and lead is heated in an enamel pot on the stove up to the temperature of around 200 to 250 centigrade and is poured into the molds (two sides of the mold preliminary fastened together with a rubber band). It takes tin around 3 to 5 minutes to solidify. When the figurine is cast and hardened, a variety of instruments, such as a scalpel, a needle point file, a soldering tool, and even dental drill are used to fuse pieces together and polish all the tiny details. Every miniature sculpture can possibly contain around twenty details.

The miniature is afterwards subjected to patination or toning, or is painted. Before painting the surface of the figurine is ungreased and primed. Acrylic paints or tempera colours, which are typical for icon-painting, are used for painting the figurines. If necessary some painted details are covered with a varnish coating.

Sources:
academic.ru
Russian Wiki


V.Ivanova


Tags: Russian Arts and Crafts Russian Souvenirs Russian Orthodox Church Russian Sculpture  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Tradition of Pottery Craft, Part 2 Records of Auction Sales in Russian Art: 20 Most Expensive Russian Paintings, Part 2 Gorodets Painting Old Russian Tradition of Bast Shoe Braiding Velikiy Ustyug Silver Patination









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
travel to Russia  Russian tourist destinations  Russian tourism  Vologda  Books  Saint Petersburg Metro  Opera  Sochi  Alexander Lenkov  Festivals  Russian legislation  FIFA World Cup   Russian Cinema  Russian business  Active Travel  St. Petersburg  Archeology  Moscow Physics and Technology Institute  Christmas  Poetry  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian cities  Flights to the Mars  gay propaganda ban  Moscow Zoo  Russian Premier League  cross-country skiing  IPO in Russia  Private Museum Of Russian Icon  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Flowers Ban  Silver Gate  Russian physicists  Festivals in Moscow  Russian regions  Solovki  Russian roofers  Stavropol Territory  Yandex  Moscow  Russian Literature  UNESCO World Heritage Site  Ecocenter  Elena Obraztsova  Barnaul  Russian Theater  Enem  Russia international  Olympic Sport Center  Automobilists 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites