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The Most Beautiful Moscow Buildings, Part 4
October 29, 2014 16:15


PreviousThe Most Beautiful Moscow Buildings, Part 3

Zuyev Culture Center 

 
It is one of the brightest examples of Constructivism. It was named after the tram park mechanic S. M. Zuyev, a participant of revolt of 1905. The Zuyev Culture Center was constructed in Lesnaya Street in 1927-1929. The project by the architect Ilya Golosov was born under the influence of Cubism and based on combination of asymmetrically located regular solids. The building composition hinges on a vertical glass cylinder, which connects the entire building with unusually large window surfaces.
 
Located at: 18, Lesnaya Street, near the Belorusskaya and Mendeleevskaya metro stations 
 
Copper House Residential Estate  
 
It was built in 2003-2004. The residential cluster was designed by architects S. Skuratov, V. Ryzhkov, N. Ishutina, Yu. Kovalyova, A. Medvedev, P. Karpovsky, P. Shalimov, N. Demidov and V. Danilov. According to the authors’ concept, the building composition reflected the distinctiveness of terrain. A narrow extensive section of the complex is a metaphor of transition: having connected Zachatyevsky Lane to Prechistenskaya Embankment the house “builds bridges” to the coast of modern Russian architecture. The architect Skuratov named the house Mannerheim Line, which differentiated intelligent architecture from products of domestic building industry. 
The Copper House joined the best buildings of 2003-2004 collection of the Shchusev Architecture Museum.
 
Located at the address: 3, Butikovskiy Lane, near the Park Kultury and Kropotkinskaya metro stations
 
Isakov’s Guest House in Prechistenka
 
The house constructed by the architect Lev Kekushev in 1904-1906 is one of the most vivid examples of Art Nouveau in Moscow. The author of the project aimed at the maximum possible asymmetry and used all opportunities of the site for this purpose. As a result the part of the building facing the yard has six floors, whereas its part facing the street is five-storeyed. The front staircase divides the building into the front and back parts, which are half-floor offset from one another. Thanks to such design every staircase landing could be used for entrance into the apartment.
 
Address: 28, Prechistenka Street, near to the Park Kultury and Kropotkinskaya metro stations.
 
Shukhov Tower
 
The famous Moscow Radio Tower in Shabolovka was constructed by the engineer V. G. Shukhov in 1920-1922. The tower is 148.3 meters high, which is twice lower than the initial project. Nevertheless, the tower was the highest in Russia at that time. 
The Shukhov Tower was constructed on the principle of net hyperboloid towers, which was the invention of Mr. Shukhov. The first telecast from the tower took place on March 10, 1939, seventeen years after the opening of the tower. It was the broadcast of the XVIII Congress of the All-Union Communist Party. The image of the Shukhov Tower was used as an emblem of the Soviet television. 
 
In 1941 a mail plane crashed into a tower as a result of failure, but thanks to its rugged construction protected the tower from damage. 
The tower has never been restored and is presently in need of reconstruction.
 
Located at the address: 42/44, Mytnaya Street, near the Shabolovskaya and Serpukhovskaya metro stations
 

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Moscow Architecture Russian Architecture Most Beautiful Moscow Buildings Old Moscow  

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