Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Woodcarving Tradition, Part 1
March 30, 2015 19:04


The art of woodcarving has been known in Russia for ages. Village and town wooden houses in Old Russia were traditionally decorated with wood carved elements. They were made with the help of simple and available tools, such as an axe, a saw, and a carpenter's chisel. Over time carving tools were transformed and perfected. Special machines were invented to carve most complex patterns in wood.

House woodcarving as a type of folk art has come down to us, kept alive in rural areas of Russia. Geometrical carving rooted in traditions of carvers of distaffs, gingerbread boards, and various house utensils is considered to be the folk art handicraft of Vyatka (ancient name of Kirov city). Sophisticated volume woodcarving can be found not only in house elements, but also in expensive Vyatka furniture and in church iconostases.
 
Geometrical Woodcarving

 
Geometrical woodcarving is one of the most ancient types of woodcarving. It consists of numerous two-, three-, or four-sided carved hollows that all together make a pattern of geometrical figures, such as triangles, squares, and circles.
Geometrical woodcarving was extensively used to decorate log huts, iconostases and icon cases, all sorts of furniture (desktops, benches, cradles, chests, washstands hooks, etc.), chiselled ware (various bowls, ladles, saltcellars, trays, spoons, and jugs) and labor tools (distaffs, weaver's looms, gingerbread boards, etc).
 
Items decorated with skillful woodcarving were available in Vyatka markets in the 1920s. For a long time this ancient handicraft existed discretely. In the late 1930s handicraftsmen got together in teams. In 1947 the Victory team integrated 107 home-workers, with half of them engaged in woodwork. They carpeted caskets of various configurations, cases, and first-aid kit boxes adorned with geometrical woodcarving and wood painting.
 
In 1954 the team mastered manufacture of wood carved caskets with incrustation. The year 1955 saw enormous experimental work on combining several techniques (woodcarving, incrustation, pyrography and painting) in one piece. The patterns became more complicated, with landscape and architectural scenes of Moscow, Leningrad, and other cities introduced. In 1958 the Victory team carried out a large-scale order for the World Fair in Brussels. 
 
Woodcarvers learned to create richest patterns applied to ornament not only caskets, but a great variety of household items. Elaborate woodcarving, deep background, and large ornamental details concluded into a contoured frame are typical features of caskets made by the Ideal factory.
 
Natural materials, such as straw and ingrain birch bark were introduced to enrich the artistic image of wood carved items.
 
 
 

 

Sources: http://nhpko.ru 


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Folk Art Kirov Region Woodwork Arts and Crafts  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Old Soviet Christmas-tree Decorations Mezen Painting on Wood Talashkino Carving and Painting Workshops Russian Birds of Paradise Unique Russian Woodwork of Burr Craft, Part 2









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Lake Teletskoye  Soviet Union  Online Exhibitions  Konstantin Gedroits  Russian scientists  Krasnoyarsk Territory  Eurovision  Russian winter  The Baseballs  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian economy  Silicon Valley  Kirov  Emil Galle  accommodation in Russia  Russian science  Skopin  Jewish Museum and Tolerance Centre  Sakhalin Islands  Primorye  Crimean referendum  Tikhoretsk  Beze Bazar  migration in Russia  space tourism  Robert Dudley  Russian social networks  Ballerinas  Russian business  Nerungri  Alexandre Benois  Moscow  Life Saving  Russian beaches  Adler  St. Petersburg  Moscow actions  education  Dmitry Kharatyan  Urals  3D-Museum of Military History  the Crimea  Russian academy of sciences  Moscow airports  Russian society  Russian Cinema  Evgeny Dybsky  corruption  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian tourism 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites