Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Avant-garde Art
November 2, 2007 19:22


Russian avant-garde is a common term denoting a most remarkable art phenomenon that flourished in Russia from 1890 to 1930, though some of its early manifestations date back to the 1850s, whereas the latest ones refer to the 1960s.

The phenomenon of Russian avant-garde does not correspond to any definite artistic program or style. This term was assigned to radical innovative movements that started taking shape in the prewar years of 1907–1914, came to the foreground in the revolutionary period and matured during the first post-revolutionary decade.

Various trends of avant-garde art were united by an emphatic breaking-off not only from academic traditions and eclectic aesthetics of the 19th century, but also from the new art style of modern, which at that time was upmost in all the art spheres from architecture and painting to theatre and design. Russian avant-garde discarded the cultural heritage of the past and rejected continuity in artistic creation. At the same time it combined both destructive and constructive urges: the spirit of nihilism and revolutionary aggression along with ground-breaking energy targeted at creation of something totally new in art and other spheres of life.

In different stages these innovative tendencies were referred to with a variety of terms, such as “modernism”, “new art”, “futurism”, “cubo-futurism”, “suprematism”, “constructivism”, “left art”, etc. Just a few years before that nothing in Russian art heralded such a dramatic switcheroo: in the late 19th century Russian official fine arts remained within academic frames. It probably accounts for the fact that such artists as Borisov-Musatov (1870—1905), Valentin Serov (1865-1911) and Konstantin Korovin (1861-1939), though rather traditional by Western standards, were considered quite innovative in this country.

The direction of avant-garde movement, i.e. transition from natural to notional, from sophistication to simplification and pruning, from modernist refinement to primitivism, was similar to that in European art. Analysis reveals that the sources of this tendency lie beyond the Russian art tradition. Unlike in France or Germany, where the avant-garde art development was backed up and encouraged by various philosophical, aesthetic and psychological theories, in Russia it was prompted by the pre-revolutionary atmosphere and the activities of patrons of art and enthusiasts who steered the national art life into the tide of European culture (like Sergei Diaghilev with this Ballets Russes, for instance).

The pioneers of Russian avant-garde, such as for example Natalya Goncharova and Mikhail Larionov, by 1910-1911 already found themselves in the tideway of the most novel European currents, on the level of the most daring and ground-breaking approaches in painting. The most innovative “peasant” canvasses of Natalya Goncharova came concurrently with or right after the famous “negro” works by Picasso. By the mid 1910s the role of avant-garde in art passed on to Russia. From that time everything most pioneering was created in Russia or by natives of Russia.

The connection between the aesthetic revolution and social upheavals of the 20th century is obvious. Russian avant-garde which did not outlast long the Social revolution, was undoubtedly one of its ferments. On the other hand, the firstling of the normative ideological art, Soviet realism, was a direct outcome of this revolution.

 

 

 

Sources:
    krugosvet.ru
    Russian Wiki


Tags: Russian Avant-garde Art History of Russian Culture Russian Fine Arts   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Vologda Lace The Most Remarkable Monuments in Russia, Part 2 Khludnevsky Clay Toy The Most Beautiful Moscow Buildings, Part 2 Enigma of Old Russian Ornaments









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

-8

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian Cinema  publishing house   sanctions  Russian people  Mark Markov-Greenberg  Ballerinas  Vladimir Fortov  Barnaul  Russian tourism  Russian Literature  Exhibitions in Moscow  Chemistry  Moscow  Suvorov Military School  Moscow Circuses  Natalya Pavlova  Russian legal system  Russian places of interest  Igor Butman  Russian political parties  FC Alania  Amur Region  Russia Travel Tips  Kolomenskoye  Russian officials  Slavyanskiy Bulvar   Chelyabinsk meteorite  Alexei German  Modern Russian Literature  debt  Great Patriotic War  Museum of erotic art  Russian history  Archeology  St. Petersburg  the Urals region  Altai Museums  Russian Internet  Russian opposition activists  FC CSKA  Exhibitions in Saint Petersburg  Regional Cuisines  Astrakhan  Komi Republic  XIV Architecture Biennale  Russian science  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian business  Modern Art  Unecha 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites