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The Big Bang Could Have Never Started the Universe
May 20, 2011 17:34

the Big Bang

A Russian astrophysicist suggests that our Universe never started with the Big Bang. Data, he obtained in his observations, can destroy existing theory of how our Universe had been born.

This groundbreaking idea is based upon data, obtained from observations of distant galaxies, which are (or were) located 12-13 billion light years from our planet. Their light, which traveled billions of years, before it got close to us, can tell scientists about the times, when these galaxies had been “young”. Existing theory postulates that our Universe was born 13.7 billion years ago in an event, known as the Big Bang. Since that time, it permanently expands with all its galaxies and stars “flying” away from each other.

However, data of the research fellow from the Special Astrophysical Observatory of Russian academy of sciences say it could all happened the other way. Distant galaxies, mentioned above, appear to be much alike galaxies, which are not that far away from our planet, according to their chemical composition. “Young” star clusters, which are only 1 billion years old, appear to be as old, as those, which had “celebrated” their birthday for 14 billion of times. In order for you to understand the phenomenon, imagine – you travel far back in time to dinosaurs, and when you arrive, you find yourself in a big city, suffering from traffic jams, instead of giant animals, walking in the jungle.

Therefore, existing theory of how our Universe had appeared now has another “hole” together with “holes”, made by dark matter and dark energy. Dark matter and dark energy were never predicted by the theory; however, they exist according to observations. Scientists estimate real matter (which can be observed in any kind of way) to be only 5% of the Universe’s mass. These calculations are believed to be accurate and true, but the fact they are based upon the same Big Bang theory, makes everyone treat them with caution.



New data on young galaxies turning old make theoretical physicists correct existing theories. Today scientists date these star clusters 200 million years after the moment the big Bang happened. Previous considerations stated that such objects could not have been formed earlier, than 2 billion years after the Big Bang event, scientists from the astro-space centre of Lebedev Institute of Physics say.

These unexpected and intriguing results gave birth to a very hot argument, because shift of galaxies’ “birthday” further into the past aroused new questions. Why did these galaxies formed so fast then? How can we find objects, older than these galaxies, and etc. Now researchers, who make observations, do not trust theoretical scientists and do their best to find similar objects, which had appeared 200 of even 50 million years after the Big Bang had struck.

Scientists refuse to make any speculations on what could happen to existing physical theories, if “old” galaxies were found during abovementioned time periods. Life is full of challenges, they say, and many answers need to be found.



Source: Science & Technologies

Kizilova Anna

Tags: space     

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