Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Scientists Developed an Express Encephalitis Test
May 14, 2013 11:41


Does this tick the encephalitis box?

Summertime is the period when many of us prefer to go to the woods for a traditional Russian-style barbeque called shashlyki. Unfortunately, this may also be the time when we are most susceptible to the encephalitis and Lyme disease caused by ticks bites. Russian scientists have recently developed an express-test to help quickly discover, whether or not a tick was a virus carrier. 
Both encephalitis and Lyme disease are caused by tick bites, usually by deer ticks, as well as other species. Ticks contract a virus via wild animals and then transfer the virus to a human. The illness usually starts with a fever that lasts up to a week, accompanied by vertigos, sickness, and general unwellness. After an 8-day remission a second period begins when the central nervous system is affected. At this stage the illness can develop into a meningitis or encephalitis, the latter causing severe mental disturbances and even paralysis. With Lyme disease, all the mentioned symptoms appear some 3 to 6 weeks after a bite occurred; the place of a bite appears as a small red dot and, sadly, may be ignored.
In the worst-case scenario a person may die. However, there are occasions when, instead of falling victim to any of the diseases, a person may become immune to encephalitis. 
The main problem in both cases is that a bite can take place, say, in the Baikal territory, which is remote enough to disallow a prompt diagnosis. Naturally, scientists in many countries have attempted to develop a method that would allow to quickly pass a test to establish, whether or not a deadly bite occurred. A test was developed in Poland and costs EUR15, and a similar test has now been developed in Russia and is on trial at an affordable price of EUR2.5.
The Russian test comes with a special fork to remove a tick from skin and then a small "laboratory" to perform a test. A tick is placed into a test-tube where it is then literally crushed to pieces. A few drops of water are then added to the tube, and the mix is then poured onto a test stripe, similar to those used to diagnose pregnancy. The first line shows the test was performed correctly, and the next two indicate, whether or not the crushed tick was carrying encephalitis or Lyme disease. 
This new express test currently has no analogues in Russia. The Polish test was banned from import into Russia because the tick had to be crushed manually, which obviously increased the chances of contamination. Technically, the new test is all ready, and is expected to be available to masses from 2014. 
Until then, do not forget to protect yourself well, when travelling in the woods areas - read our article on tick protection and, if you can, fetch a special anti-tick suit
 

 




Author: Julia Shuvalova

Tags: Russian science Russian tourism encephalitis   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Flax Chromosome Structure Deciphered Suicide Gene Makes Stem Cells Suitable for Therapy Why Policemen Smoke? Protect Your Computers with Russian Innovations Exoskeleton by Russian Technologies Can Accelerate upto 30 Kmh









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

-8

search on the map
TAGS:
Alexander Pushkin  Russia Today  Crazy Russians  Naive Art  Forest Reserves  Paleontology  Moscow Parking  Bell Ringing  Mobile App  Russian engineers  Erwin Wurm  Transsiberian Route  St. Petersburg  Sochi Games   criminality  Skype in Russia  Arkhangelsk region  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian business  USAID  Earth Mantle  FIFA Russia 2018  easyJet   Yaroslavl   Magnitsky Act  Vladimir Oblast  Russian tourist destinations  Tula Region  Isaak Dunayevsky  Archeology  economic crisis  Yekaterinburg  Stavropol Territory  Russian genetics  microbiology  Russian tourism  ONEXIM Group  Irkutsk  Moscow  Russian Literature  Russian Astronauts  Russian history  sputnik  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Cinema  All Events  Vladivostok  Russian Art Week in London  Russian designers  Russian oil companies 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites