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83 Russian Inventions that Made the World as It Is
November 29, 2013 20:41

1. The first-ever electric bulb was invented by P. N. Yablochkov and A.N.Lodygin; 

2. the radio was invented by A.S.Popov; 
3. the first-ever electronic microscope, TV and telecasting were created by V.K.Zvorykin;
4. the first-ever plane was invented by A.F.Mozhaysky; 
5. the first-ever helicopter and the first-ever bomber aircraft were made by the great aircraft designer I.I.Sikorsky; 
6. the first-ever video recorder was invented by A.M.Ponyatov; 
7. the first-ever ballistic missile, spaceship, and the first Earth satellite were engineered by S.P.Korolev; 
8. the first-ever quantum generator — the maser was constructed by A.M.Prokhorov and N.G.Basov; 
9. the first-ever professor woman was Sophia Kovalevskaya; 
10. the first-ever color photo was created by S.M.Prokudin-Gorsky; 
11. the pinscreen for animation was created by A.A. Alekseev; 
12. the first-ever electric tram was engineered by F.A.Pirotsky; 
13. the first-ever caterpillar tractor was constructed by F.A.Blinov; 
14. the puppet animation was founded by V.A. Starevich; 
15. the first-ever bicycle with pedals, a handlebar and a turning wheel was engineered by E.M. Artamonov; 
16. the first-ever intensifying and oscillating semiconductor device was invented by O. V. Losev; 
17. the first-ever construction combine was built by V. P. Mutilin; 
18. first-ever corn mowing machine was invented by A.R. Vlasenko; 
19. the first-ever model of artificial heart and the first-ever lung transplantation was made by V. P. Demikhov; 
20. the first-ever hydrogen bomb was devised by A.D. Sakharov; 
21. isotope geochemistry was founded by A.P. Vinogradov; 
22. the first-ever thermal engine was engineered by I.I. Polzunov; 
23. the first-ever knapsack recovery parachute was invented by G.E. Kotelnikov; 24. the first-ever nuclear power plant was engineered by I.V. Kurchatov; 
25. the three-phase current system was invented and three-phase transformer was constructed by M. O. Dolivo — Dobrovolsky;
26. the first-ever high-voltage mercury rectifier with a liquid cathode and induction furnaces for using high frequency currents in industry were devised by V. P. Vologdin;
27. the first-ever petrol engine was created by S. O. Kostovich in 1879; 
28. the first-ever electrothermal jet propulsion was invented by V.P. Glushko;  
29. the electric arc welding was invented by N. G. Slavyanov;
30. the stereocamera was invented by I.F. Aleksandrovsky; 
31. the first-ever seaplane was constructed by D. P. Grigorovich; 
32. the first-ever machine gun was made by V.G.Fedorov; 
33. the first-ever turning lathe with a sliding support was constructed by A.K. Nartov;
34. the principle of matter and motion conservation was for the first time formulated by M.V. Lomonosov, who was the first in the world to teach physical chemistry and discovered atmosphere on the Venus; 
35. the project of the first-ever wooden arch single-span bridge was developed by I.P. Kulibin;
36. the world’s  biggest galvanic battery was developed and the electric arc was discovered by V.V. Petrov; 
37. the movable-frame beehive was invented by P.I. Prokopovich; 
38. the non-Euclidean geometry was founded by N.I. Lobachevsky; 
39. the caterpillar tread was invented by D.A.Zagryazhsky;  
40. the galvanoplastics and the first-ever electric motor with direct drive of a working shaft were invented by B.O.Yakobi; 
41. the mystery of ancient damask steel production was unraveled by P.P.Anosov; 
42. the theory of bridge beams calculations nowadays applied around the world was elaborated by D.I. Zhuravsky;
43. the unparalleled Topographical Anatomy atlas was constituted by N.I. Pirogov, who invented anesthesia, plaster and many other things;
44. the first-ever uranium minerals report was compiled by I.R. Germann; 
45. the basics of the organic compounds theory were formulated by A.M.Butlerov;
46. evolutionary physiology was founded by I.M. Sechenov, the author of Brain Reflexes;
47. the periodic law of chemical elements and the periodic table was discovered by D.I. Mendeleev;
48. the basis for experimental oncology was laid by M.A. Novinsky;
49. the first-ever phone speech plus duplex equipment was constructed by G.G. Ignatyev;
50. the first-ever submarine with electric motor was engineered by K.S. Dzhevetsky; 
51. the scheme of rocket craft was for the first time devised by N.I.Kibalchich; 
52. electric welding was invented by N.N.Benardos;
53. the genetic soil science was founded by V.V. Dokuchayev; 
54. the first-ever aerial camera was invented by V.I. Sreznevsky;
55. a photo cell based on extrinsic photoeffect was first created by A.G. Stoletov;
56. the first-ever radial gas turbine was constructed by P.D. Kuzminsky; 
57. the flexible photosensitive nonflammable film created by I.V. Boldyrev provided the basis for cinematography;
58. the first-ever movie camera was invented by I.A. Timchenko; 
59. the first-ever automatic telephone exchange was created by S.M.Apostolov-Berdichevsky and M.F.Freydenberg;
60. the wireless management system was created and demonstrated by N.D. Pilchikov; 
61. the first-ever phototypesetting machine was constructed by V.A. Gassiyev;
62. astronautics was founded by K.E. Tsiolkovsky;
63. existence of light pressure on solid bodies was experimentally proved by P.N. Lebedev; 
64. psychonomy (science of higher nervous activity) was founded by I.P. Pavlov;
65. a set of schools of science were founded by V.I. Vernadsky;
66. lighting effects were for the first time ever used by A.N. Skryabin in his symphonic poem Prometheus;
67. aerodynamics was founded by N.E. Zhukovsky;
68. artificial rubber was first made by S.V. Lebedev;
69. G.A. Tikhov was the first to establish that the Earth must be having blue color when observed from the outer space; 
70. the first-ever highly effective coal gas mask was developed by N.D. Zelinsky; 
71. gene divisibility was discovered by N. P. Dubinin; 
72. turbo-drill was invented by M.A. Kapelyushnikov; 
73. electric paramagnetic resonance was discovered by E.K. Zavoysky; 
74. N.I.Lunin was the first to proved that living organisms keep vitamins;
75. insects paedogenesis was discovered by N. P. Wagner; 
76. the first-ever surgery for glaucoma treatment was carried out by Svyatoslav N. Fedorov; 
77. blood transfusion of unexpectedly deceased people was first applied in clinic by S. S. Yudin;
78. piezoelectric textures were first created by A.V.Shubnikov; 
79. magnetic properties of superconductors were discovered by L.V.Shubnikov; 
80. the phenomenon of metals passivity in nonaqueous electrolytes was established by N.A. Izgaryshev; 
81. the ionic theory of excitation was founded by P.P. Lazarev; 
82. the first-ever radio sounder for meteorology was created by P.A.Molchanov;
83. the equation of energy motion and the concept of energy flow were devised by N.A. Umov, who was the first to explain aberrations of the relativity theory.

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Inventors Scientific Discoveries Russian Scientists   

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