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Robot Rescuers to Show up for Work in Russia
May 27, 2015 14:58

Domestic robot rescuers will soon help guard the safety of people in Russia. Android robot rescuers were presented at the 8th International Salon of Security Facilities “Complex Safety-2015”. These robots will make it possible to carry out complicated rescue and salvage operations in places inaccessible to people and under severe conditions.

According to Sergey Kachanov, the deputy chief of the all-Russian Scientific Research Institute of State Defense and Emergency, several robot rescuers will pass tests in Russia as soon as 2016.

“The anthropomorphous robot of android type” can completely copy all movements of a human and work in hostile environment, which is out of reach of ordinary rescuers, as well as under conditions of increased radioactivity. Moreover, the robot can work at a great distance from the operator. The operator will be able to operate a group of robots at the distance of up to 1000 kilometers.
“Its manipulators are similar to human hands therefore it does not require various equipment and tools to be adapted to it– it can use any instruments available to an ordinary rescuer. The manipulators have compression sensors that make them suitable for very delicate operations” – the Interfax quotes Mr. Kachanov.

 Another peculiar feature of the anthropomorphous robot rescuer is that in fact it is a complex platform, on the basis of which various robots adapted for specific objectives will be created. These intelligent machines will have a unified platform, but will differ in their movement capacities: one of them will move on wheels, another one will have “feet”, and the third one will be stationary.

In 2016 the android robots will be tested on the proving ground: they will go through an obstacle zone together with people. Developers are working on the robots’ stability technology and their eyesight for seeing in the dark and smoke.

Robot rescuers have already joined their human colleagues in Russia.
Back in 2014 a robot rescuer became the hero of the day at fire drills in Volgograd. The firerobot can replace several firemen at once and can work in areas heavily charged with smoke. The robot is equipped with a video camera, a bright lamp, a thermal imager and a device for searching people under rubbles. After finding the ignition center, it can extinguish fire itself with a powerful water stream from its attached fire hose. The robot weighs 100 kg and can operate in standalone mode for 3 hours.
European and American scientists work on robot rescuers as well. For example, the humanoid robot rescuer nicknamed Atlas was developed by engineers of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Great Britain in 2014.

Founders of the robot rescuers believe that they will be able to help rescuers in the areas too dangerous for people. Provided that the anthropomorphic android robot platform is really successful and its developers achieve quite exact manipulators for the telepresence robot, the Russian robot rescuer will be able to do surgery just like Da Vinci robot or at least render first aid in field conditions, and become one of the most remarkable robots that save human lives.

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Science Russian Robots    

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