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Diamond-Like Glass of High Density Created by Scientists from Russia, Germany and the US
March 30, 2018 15:31

The substance was obtained from calcium carbonate under high pressure and extremely high temperatures. 
A high-density diamond-like glass has been obtained by a group of scientists from the Komi Republic of the Russian Federation, Germany and the USA. The research was started by the Komi Geology Institute of the Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences ten years ago. According to the scientists, the fact is, that the technology has opened to new opportunities for ultra-high-speed electronic devices, quantum computers, space technologies and other modern equipment. Dr Tatiana Shumilova, the head of the research team and the director of the diamond mineralogy laboratory of the Komi Geology Institute, told reporters about it.
"After a decade of development work carried out by a large team of scientists from Russia, Germany and the United States, we have attained the first ever diamond-like glass." Carbonate under high pressure and extremely high temperatures, "- she said. As she explained, the results of the study, the openings for the creation of high-speed devices, quantum computers and other modern equipment.
According to her, the geologists of Komi started this work in 2008. Initially these were experimental studies on the mechanism of the diamonds of the natural diamonds: the researchers decided to simulate the natural process of the diamond capabilities of the Frankfurt Goethe University in Germany. As a result, scientists received an unusual substance and expectedly very high temperatures.
The researchers analyzed the change in the state of the substance in the process of the experiment, with the control of pressure and temperature. The raw material for the diamond-like glass was calcium carbonate, a magmatic calcite from the carbonatites of the Fuerteventura Island of the Canary Archipelago, in which scientists from Komi had previously discovered diamond microcrystals.
"We also have carbonatites in Komi, they are on Timan. We have proved that they ... were generated from magma of the diamond-like substance in carbonatites. the experimental conditions. "Thus, the creation of this unique material was a by-product of geological research, - the expert explained.
Diamond Stars
In the course of the experiments, an unusual effect was noticed, that the temperature was accelerated and reached 7 to 13 thousand Kelvin, which is higher than in the Earth's core, and more than on the surface of the Sun, under the pressure of 400 thousand times higher than atmospheric pressure. In fact, in nature, such a combination of temperatures and pressures is possible only on the surface of certain types of stars. Further collaboration continued with astronomers from Germany, who confirmed the data that was in the form of diamonds. Carbon stars are a whole trend in astronomy, which is totally developing.
"In laboratory conditions, we simulated the process that is enabled by us to recieve and so to say, touch the stellar substance," - Tatyana Shumilova said.


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian scientists Russian science    

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