Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Method of Getting Alternative Eco Friendly Fuel from Aliminum Waste Invented in Russia
March 31, 2018 10:32


Scientists of the Non-Ferrous Metals and Gold Department of the Moscow Research Institute of Steel and Alloys, under the supervision of Professor Alexander Gromov of Germany have developed a method of producing alternative environmentally friendly fuel (hydrogen) from aluminum and non-ferrous metals. The processing of one small carbonated beverage can (0.33 liters) in the newly discovered way will provide fuel for 20 meters of car drive.
The capacity of the Russian market of aluminum containers is estimated at approximately 2-3 billion packs per year. The weight of a 0.33 liter can makes 15 grams. In one year. The lifetime of such a can is from several days to several months. After being used, empty can usually go to garbage dump, along with other aluminum waste.
The European market of secondary aluminum, uselessly and uncontrolledly releasing hydrogen into the atmosphere when it is stored in landfills, is estimated at about 9 million tons (according to the European can market report of 2013/2014). More than half of this aluminum is not used, which equals to 130 TJ (terajoules) in terms of energy.
The need for sorting and processing. Secondly, it is about the lost fuel energy contained in reactive metallic aluminum. Thirdly and most importantly, it is the concern for environmental safety that demands it. When being stored, the aluminum scrap gradually oxidizes and releases hydrogen - an explosive chemical reagent - into the air.
The team of scientists from the Moscow Research Institute of the Steel and Alloys and the Institute of the High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences has a proposed using aluminum waste in the alternative green energy as a reagent for the hydrogen-generating system: "aluminum-water". In the reaction of aluminum with water, free hydrogen is released, which can be burned or oxidized to produce electricity in the fuel cell. The chemical energy stored in every aluminum can weighing 15 grams is 255 kJ. In terms of petrol, 255 kJ of energy is equivalent to 20 meters of mileage per 100 kilometers.
"We have suggested a system that includes analysis of raw materials, optimal methods for crushing aluminum waste, the development of oxidation mechanisms and regimes, as well as storing and transporting the resulting solid metallic reagents. waste and developed the concept of a hydrogen producing apparatus - the analog of a carbide acetylene generator, "- Prof. Gromov reported.
The technology suggested is fire and explosion-proof and helps to solve three practical problems: recycle the waste of aluminum and other hydro-reactive metals, get virtually free of hydrogen from waste, and draw attention to the matter of sorting and separate recycling of garbage.
Hydrogen, obtained by oxidizing wastes of metallic aluminum and other non-ferrous metals, can be used as fuel in portable power supplies, in transport systems and small stationary power plants.
A scientific article substantiating the new technology has been published in the "Powder Technology" journal. Now the developers are working on an experimental unit and conducting laboratory tests.
 



Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags:      

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

LHC: No Black Holes Detected Innovative Drug For Scar Removing Oil and Gas Can Have Abiogenic Origin Advances in Nanotechnologies: Reusable Nano-Containers Russias First Ever Transplantation of Bionic Eye









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian business  Exhibitions in St. Petersburg  Morcheeba  Moscow actions  corruption  FIFA World Cup   LDPR  Russian Stage Directors  travel to Russia  Moscow Metro  Festivals in Moscow  Exhibitions in Yekaterinburg  Moscow monuments  Russian space  single transport operator  Cancer  Resources  Football  Traffic Police  panoramic binoculars  Ukraine  Winzavod  Moscow  Great Patriotic War  Open-Air Concerts  Dombai  Russian tourism  Sergey Kovalev  EU visas for Russians  Augmented Reality  third places  Yury Grigorovich  Primary Chronicle  gallant style  St. Petersburg  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian Cinema  Moscow elections 2013  Crimea  cosmic rays   Kirov  Rostov-on-Don  Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week   Alexander Pushkin  Sochi Games   Galina Vishnevskaya Opera Singing Center  Russian regions  Exhibitions in Moscow  ice hockey 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites