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Ecologically Friendly Space Flights
March 25, 2008 15:55

Baikonur (from

Joint project of Russia and Kazakhstan on development of ecologically friendly rocket and space complex “Bayterek” (which means “tree of life”) entered its final stage. Designers are currently finishing draft and technical designs of future rocket and space complex and choosing launching tracks and impact areas for jettisonable parts of carrier rockets of “Angara” family.

However, Russian and Kazakh scientists still have heaps of work. They should define final appearance of the “Bayterek” complex, its costs and creation period, which allow starting construction activities. “Bayterek” programme is the largest international space project in the former Soviet Union. The project was launched in 2004, when presidents of the two countries signed an agreement on cooperation between Russian and Kazakhstan and effective use of the Baikonur launching site, located in Kazakh steppes.

Abovementioned agreement provides renewal of Russian lease of the Baikonur launching site till 2050. Moreover, one of main cooperation fields consists of modernization of existing rocket and space complexes and creation of new ecologically safe rocket and space equipment for further stage-by-stage reduction of using highly toxic rocket fuel components for vehicles, which travel to space. That is why scientists of two countries are developing and introducing new “Bayterek” complex with high level of ecological safety on the base of Russian heavy launcher “Angara”.


 New ecologically friendly rocket and space complex is aimed at servicing commercial space programmes and flights on the basis of surface facilities of “Baikonur” launching site, as well as realization of Russia’s and Kazakhstan’s national programmes in field of space exploration and research. These activities are also listed in the official agreement between Russia and Kazakhstan. Russian engineers are expected to provide necessary conditions for performing flight tests of “Angara” carrier rockets at local launching site “Plesetsk” – these tests will be held within national space programme of the Russian Federation and precede putting “Bayterek” launching facilities into operation.

In 1994 Russian government has held a contest among leading Russian design bureaus aimed at developing advanced heavy rocket and space complex. The winner was famous Khrunichev research and development centre, which designers submitted drafts of a whole family of rocket carriers “Angara”, based upon Universal Rocket Module 1 (for first two rocket stages) and Universal Rocket Module 2 (for third rocket stage). The contest resulted in construction of rocket and space complex at “Plesetsk” launching site, which later would serve for light, medium and heavy carrier rockets.

“Angara” rocket carrier family allows optimizing experimental method programme and making it less costly, as well as building a carrier rocket of desired configuration according to rocket’s mission – nice piece of human engineering thought.

    Science & Technology

Kizilova Anna

Tags: Space     

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