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Shortlist of Recent Russian Inventions
May 6, 2008 20:06


aluminum

Federal Service on intellectual property, patents and trademarks (RosPatent) awarded top 100 Russian Inventions. The ceremony was timed to the International day of intellectual property.

Candidate works were chosen from the database of RosPatent, containing over 1 thousand of perspective patents. Selected inventions were reviewed by a special commission of RosPatent. Main task of this contest is stimulation and encouragement of promising domestic research-and- development projects for their further market promotion and commercial introduction.

PosPatent experts have several requirements for a promising invention. For example, an innovation should boast an original technical solution, be ready for commercial production and result in some economic benefit.

Winning inventions touched various fields of science, including military technologies, medicine and development of pharmaceuticals, cell technologies, technologies of ecologically friendly field exploitation and mining operations. For instance, Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloys developed a material on the base of aluminum. This material, working in wide range of temperatures and various environments, was created for material metallurgy. Research resulted in a product – new elastic material with extra durability. Pilot samples are ready for tests.

 

 

 
“Nuclear Technologies, Limited” came out with a technology for withdrawing reactive gases and their mixtures from closed spaces. New degasifier provides quick gas exhaustion under high pressure from large rooms. This innovation is indispensable, when extinguishing a fire in rooms with low oxygen concentration like submarine tanks. The degasifier is a solution for providing safety for defense technologies and any civil closed rooms.

Another Russian company developed a technique for breast cancer diagnostics. The invention is applicable in oncology for cancer and mastopathy diagnostics. New technique allows early and accurate diagnostics of malignant and non-malignant growths in breasts.

 

 

 
St. Petersburg’s state mining institute developed a fire detector for both industrial and residential needs. Optical sensors monitor fire-hazardous and highly explosive objects by means of optical fibers without electric feeding. Light source (laser) and detecting device are usually located outside a monitored object. Mentioned technique has following advantages: high durability and temperature stability of an optic fiber cable; capability to work in fire-hazardous and highly explosive environments. Same institution developed a unit, making salvage of heavy submerged objects fast and energy saving. Engineers designed three unit types with location on a carrier ship – catamaran or a traveling platform for lifting gear. Another innovation of St. Petersburg’s genial inventors is a technology for burying wastes with low and medium radioactivity. They located chambers in clay rocks at 65-150 meters under surface. Said technology is cheap and ecologically friendly.

An aircraft design bureau developed a unit for airplane emergency braking.

Individual inventors also were among the winners. One of them developed a simple and environment-safe technique for wastewater and recycling water treatment and disinfection. This technique can find application at mining enterprises due to its ecological safety; at mineral dressing for lowering process losses; at civil water pipelines for people health.

Authors of top 100 inventions received RosPatent’s diplomas and badges of honour.

Source: RIA Novosti Kizilova Anna


Tags: Russian technologies     

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