Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

New Horizons of Thermodiagnostics
September 17, 2008 19:22

Any one, who took a walk in a summer forest and was nearly eaten by thousands of angry and hungry mosquitoes, thought about a wonderful ability of these insects to find “fresh warm lunch”, in other words, objects, which are warmer than their environment. Mosquitoes are genial nature’s creation – unique natural thermal sensors, which cost evolution millions of years. Well, it took Russian scientists much less time to develop new thermally sensitive elements – Z-thermistors, which are perfect for temperature regulation, alarm devices for set temperatures and sensors for thermal diagnostics of oncological diseases.

The “heart” of Z-thermistor is the n-p semiconductor structure, silicone with small inclusions of atoms of other elements. Authors keep exact composition, technology and configuration of z-thermistor a secret, despite they have patented their development in Russia, Europe, China and America. Mentioned n-p structure reacts of temperature changes by shifting from one stable state with low current to another stable state with very high current. The temperature, which causes transition of the structure, is easily determined – all you have to do is changing element’s supply voltage. That is why thermistors are also called “readjusted alarm devices for set temperatures” – this means changing supply voltage leads to change in temperature, which causes abrupt current step, which can be detected easily, since its amplitude is quite significant even without gain – up to 80 of feed voltage. And one more thing – no additional devices for gaining output signal are required.



Another important aspect is that thermistors can control a wide range of temperatures – from 40 degrees below zero to 120 degrees above zero (Centigrade). This offers a great area of application for these devices – they can serve as alarm devices for set temperatures in residential, storage and industrial buildings, cars and aircrafts, engines, braking systems, fire alarms – the list has no end. Of course, we are not trying to say that all mentioned objects lack thermal sensors, but Z-thermistors are much more sensitive than any other existing heat sensors, not to forget about low cost, small size and simplicity of thermistors.

As for thermal diagnostics of oncological diseases – Z-thermistors can become the basis for a device, much simple and cheaper than well-known thermovision cameras. Said cameras search for areas, warmer than the rest of patient’s body surface, since we know that body temperature over tumors is 0.5-1.5 degrees Centigrade higher than over normal tissues. Well, thermovision cameras are quite expensive and not simple to operate. Z-thermistors are also effective in detection of warm zones near mammary and thyroid glands, but much cheaper and allow avoiding disturbances and atmospheric distortions. Moreover, you don’t need to go to the clinic for such type of diagnostics – just scan your body with a Z-thermistor. This small and safe device is suitable for other medicinal needs – endoscopic examination or temperature monitoring, for instance.

Source: Russian Science News

Kizilova Anna

Tags: Russian medicine health    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Life Should Have Come to Earth from Space Tomsk Scientists Warn about Threat of Global Climate Disaster Touching Single Atoms Tumor Versus Tumor Electron Accelerator to Help Producing Nanopowder

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Ecotourism  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian tourism  Hermitage Museum  travel to Russia  Russian business  Russian sportswomen  Adler  Russian economy  Moscow Zoo  VKontakte  Russian Literature  Russian Museum  Impressionism  Yuri Gagarin  Exhibitions in Moscow  tips for travellers  EU sanctions  Orthodoxy  Petrikirche Cathedral  Victor Tsoy  Moscow actions  Russian scientists  Russian women  Vladimir  Dmitri Benardaki  Russian Cinema  Perm Cuisine  Kandalaksha  St. Petersburg  Mikhail Kalashnikov  holidays in Russia  Nikolay Nekrasov  Moscow  Space Exploration  MTV  Ryazan  Festivals in Saint Petersburg  Russian science  Golden Ring Cities  Pussy Riot case  Beeline  Russian Week in France  Aleksei German  Exhibitions in Moscow  Postmodernism  Hermitage  Destruction of Monuments  Novocheboksarsk  maps 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites