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Russian researchers from Novosibirsk have found out how to make some pharmaceutical agents less toxic without losing in efficiency and healing properties. The process, which does all abovementioned things, is called clathration formation of a complex of a drug with natural polysaccharides.


Russian researchers revealed that Rhodobacter sphaeroides bacteria can be a source of molecular hydrogen, an ecologically friendly fuel. Scientists studied various strains of the mentioned microorganism and demonstrated that hydrogen emission rate depended on pigmentation of cells. Less pigmented strains can be a promising source of molecular hydrogen.


Hepatic (liver) fibrosis is a devastating disease, which requires a not very pleasant procedure of biopsy to be detected. However, Russian medics developed a technique, which allows skipping this painful diagnostic method and estimating the level of liver fibrosis on the basis of biochemical measurements.


A group of scientists from CERN, including Russian physicists, has developed an effective technique for synthesizing and trapping antimatter particles for a relatively long time. Antimatter particles were atoms of antihydrogen, consisting of antiprotons and positrons instead of protons and electrons, an article in Nature reveals.


Russian researchers advanced significantly in understanding the nature of atherosclerosis by studying how blood vessel disruption depended on various metal content in vessel walls. Experiments of chemical composition of atherosclerotic plaques revealed that zinc, previously considered to have great protective effect, was much less important than manganese.


Physicists, operating Large Hadron Collider's CMS detecting facility, recently registered production of two Z-bosons, which can be an evidence of a "heavy" variety of Higgs boson. CMS is a Compact Muon Solenoid facility, a general-purpose detector, designed for studying different aspects of proton collisions at 14 teraelectronvolt, the center-of-mass energy of the LHC particle accelerator.


Vladimir Skulachev, famous Russian biotechnologist, who studies effects of mitochondrial antioxidants on various health problems, including aging, believes that treating agents for eyes disorders, based upon Skulachev ions, as mitochondrial antioxidants are also called, can appear in pharmacies by the end of 2011.As for aging cure-all, these drugs will be available for sale within nearest 5 years.


Among other important tasks of quantum photonics there is a problem of building an interface between atoms and light photons. Joint think-tank of physicists from Russia and United States studies how single photons interact with quantum objects and has already built a prototype device for transferring information from an atom to a photon. The device is an integrated chip in an artificial atom with a fibre port. The simplest application of future device is a memory cell, as for more complicated things, this device can become a single-photon transistor, working on the level of individual quanta, for building complex logic systems.


Researchers pay more and more attention to processes of memory storage and recall. Scientists already know several proteins, which play a key role in memorization processes, and many experimental works were aimed at finding properties of these proteins. A new study of Russian physiologists is dedicated to memory loss, induced in snails and rats by means of blocking a NMDA-receptor.


Common point of view says that deposits of petroleum and natural gas, which are hydrocarbons, formed as a result of decomposition of organic matter of ancient living organisms. However, the theory of abiogenic petroleum origin tends to become more and more popular among researchers these days. An argument between followers of either classic or alternative theories of hydrocarbon origin can soon be solved thanks to a research, performed by Russian geologists and mineralogists, who developed a technique for identifying a source of carbon, which is a part of natural gas.


Russian physicists used multiple-valued logic and fuzzy logic for developing a number of techniques for secure communicative functions in robotic teams. New mathematics algorithms are essential for development of a new generation of intelligence control systems, which would be able not only to make their own decisions, but also learn and safely transfer their knowledge to other robots of their team.


Russian biologists have developed testing systems for quick measuring antibiotic concentration in various milk products. New testing systems, based upon immuno-assay technologies, are highly sensitive and specific.


Two days ago Sochi-born Andre Geim and his fellow researcher Konstantin Novoselov were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene". What is so revolutionary about the work of two former Russian physicists?


Yesterdays announcement of 2010 Noble Prize winners in Physics unexpectedly lead to a great scandal. Victor Petrik, a full member of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, claims that Konstantin Novoselov and Andre Geim got the highest award in the scientific world undeservedly, and he is ready to prove his words.


Russian researchers from created a new nonwoven fiber material from chitosan, a natural polymer, found in shells of marine arthropods and some insects. Scientists, who work in Karpov Research and Development Institute of Physics and Chemistry, believe that good absorbing properties of a new material promise a good future for it in medicine.


State of the art of world science allows scientists to talk only about time when life appeared on our planet, but not about lifes place of origin, head of the Institute of Paleontology, full member of Russian academy of sciences Alexei Rosanov believes.


Engineers and scientists from St. Petersburg have mobilized power of Earths gravitation force in a so-called mechanurgy table, which is believed to prevent and cure various illnesses.


Physicists, who work on the LHC, recently came across a new phenomenon, which was never predicted by any of existing theories. In a few words, protons collide and generate hundreds of particles. And among these particles, scientists detected pairs, movements of which were coupled for some unknown reason.


Russian physicists used their enormous experience in monitoring atmospheric ozone within millimeter wave range and developed a radio spectrometer for measuring vertical distribution of ozone degrading molecules of chlorine oxide in atmosphere of our planet. Simultaneous measurements of ozone and chlorine oxide help correctly estimating how chlorine oxide affects depletion of ozone layer during cold time of a year.


Biologists and geneticists know that a very convenient way to study functions of certain mammal genes, including their role in developmental disorders, is by means of introduction of these genes into embryos of laboratory animals.


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