Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Nikolai Kibalchich - Science for Terrorism
April 10, 2008 22:26


Nikolai Kibalchich

Kibalchich Nikolai Ivanovich is a famous Russian inventor and father of first Russian jet engine and flying vehicle and a revolutionary. Nikolai Kibalchich was born in October 1853 in the town of Korop, which belonged to Chernigov region. His father was a priest, and when Nikolai entered a gymnasium in 1864, he insisted that his son should have moved to religious school. Young Nikolai obeyed his father and later he was admitted to the seminary, but left it and returned to secondary school 1869, finishing it with silver medal several years after.

Even a boy, Nikolai Kibalchich showed his gift his outstanding abilities to math and languages didnt remain unnoticed. His other gift (or curse) was his rebellious nature at 16 Nikolai alienated his father and took part in collecting a secret library of forbidden books. In 1871 Nikolai Kibalchich started training in St. Petersburg institute of railway engineers, since he thought that railways were essential for such a large country as Russia.

In 1873 Nikolai lost interest in railway transport and entered the Academy of Medicine and Surgery, which at that time was the centre of student movement in St. Petersburg, and the same year joined populists (narodniks). In October 1875 Nikolai Kibalchich got caged for storing illegal books and was released only on 1878 with no right to finish his education (black-listed).

In 1878 Kibalchich went underground and joined terrorist group Freedom or death, which later became the Peoples Will (Narodnaya Volya) organization. There the scientist headed the group, responsible for explosives nitroglycerin and dynamite. During 1879 his group produced several tens of kilograms of dynamite, paying no attention to the risk of explosion. At the same time Nikolai Kibalchich studied properties of gunpowder and its possible applications for flying machines.

Memorial
Memorial house of Nikolai Kibalchich
Kibalchich led an active political life he headed secret press and wrote articles, signing them with fictitious names. Kibalchich considered terror to be the best means for defending ideas and threw his talent to evil he invented fuses and nitroglycerine blasting gelatin, delivered explosives to Odessa for destroying Tsars train and calculated consequences of explosions. He trained terrorists to use his own invention a bomb, which later killed the tsar Alexander II. After several days after the tsars assassination Kibalchich was arrested and put to prison.

While in prison Nikolai Kibalchich continued scientific research, working on a project of jet engine. He wrote a remarkable paper, where describes a means of propelling a platform by igniting gunpowder cartridges in a rocket chamber. Changing the direction of the rockets axis, he realized, would alter the vehicles flight path.

However, Russian minister of the interior refused to consider his scientific calculations and notes, though he suggested jailing him for life. No one listened to him Nikolai Kibalchich and several companions were hanged for killing the tsar on April 3, 1881.

Scientific ideas of Nikolai Kibalchich were ahead of time and encouraged Constantine Tsiolkovsky for his enormous work.

Sources:
    Krugosvet.ru
    David Darling.info

Kizilova Anna


Tags:      

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Nikolay Lobachevsky - Another Geometry Exists Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Patriarch Of Geochemistry Oleg Losev Pioneer Of Optoelectronics Leonard Eulers Scientific Heritage Ivan Kulibin - Bursting with Inventions





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian tourism  Novosibirsk Oblast  Russian Avant-Garde  Dasha Gauser  Boris Grebenshchikov  Architecture of St. Petersburg  Russian officials  Konstantin Simonov  Vladimir  international cooperation  Rzhev  BRICS   Russian education  Festivals in Petersburg  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian army  nudist beach  Easter Eggs  Exhibitions in Moscow  Nikolai Tsiskaridze  Municipal Improvement  Russian Cinema  Russian culture  Russian business  Sochi Olympic Games 2014  Sergey Ivanov  Metro  Painting  Russian Literature  Lipetsk Region  2morrow / Tomorrow Film Festival  Vladimir Putin   Books  Festivals  Moscow  astronomy  Kolomenskoye  Sverdlovsk region  Deripaska  Moscow Theatres  Kargopol  Russian courts  Pascal Quignard  Russian history  Zaraisk   Moscow Kremlin   Chechen republic  Anapa  Archeology  Gold Bee Design Biennale 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites