Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


The Nobel Prize in Literature 1958
April 27, 2006 13:20

"for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"

Boris Pasternak – Biography

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (1890-1960), born in Moscow, was the son of talented artists: his father a painter and illustrator of Tolstoy's works, his mother a well-known concert pianist. Pasternak's education began in a German Gymnasium in Moscow and was continued at the University of Moscow. Under the influence of the composer Scriabin, Pasternak took up the study of musical composition for six years from 1904 to 1910. By 1912 he had renounced music as his calling in life and went to the University of Marburg, Germany, to study philosophy. After four months there and a trip to Italy, he returned to Russia and decided to dedicate himself to literature.

Pasternak's first books of verse went unnoticed. With Sestra moya zhizn (My Sister Life), 1922, and Temy i variatsii (Themes and Variations), 1923, the latter marked by an extreme, though sober style, Pasternak first gained a place as a leading poet among his Russian contemporaries. In 1924 he published Vysokaya bolezn (Sublime Malady), which portrayed the 1905 revolt as he saw it, and Detstvo Lyuvers (The Childhood of Luvers), a lyrical and psychological depiction of a young girl on the threshold of womanhood. A collection of four short stories was published the following year under the title Vozdushnye puti (Aerial Ways). In 1927 Pasternak again returned to the revolution of 1905 as a subject for two long works: Leytenant Shmidt, a poem expressing threnodic sorrow for the fate of Lieutenant Schmidt, the leader of the mutiny at Sevastopol, and Devyatsot pyaty god (The Year 1905), a powerful but diffuse poem which concentrates on the events related to the revolution of 1905. Pasternak's reticent autobiography, Okhrannaya gramota (Safe Conduct), appeared in 1931, and was followed the next year by a collection of lyrics, Vtoroye rozhdenie (Second Birth), 1932. In 1935 he published translations of some Georgian poets and subsequently translated the major dramas of Shakespeare, several of the works of Goethe, Schiller, Kleist, and Ben Jonson, and poems by Petöfi, Verlaine, Swinburne, Shelley, and others. Na rannikh poyezdakh (In Early Trains), a collection of poems written since 1936, was published in 1943 and enlarged and reissued in 1945 as Zemnye prostory (Wide Spaces of the Earth). In 1957 Doktor Zhivago, Pasternak's only novel - except for the earlier "novel in verse", Spektorsky (1926) - first appeared in an Italian translation and has been acclaimed by some critics as a successful attempt at combining lyrical-descriptive and epic-dramatic styles. An autobiographical sketch, Biografichesky ocherk (An Essay in Autobiography), was published in 1959, first in Italian, and subsequently in English. Pasternak lived in Peredelkino, near Moscow, until his death in 1960.

From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Boris Pasternak died on May 30, 1960.
 


Tags: Nobel Prize Russian literature Boris Pasternak   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Luminous Molecules Help to Detect Toxicity of Nanomaterials Beware of Icicles Innovative Technology Makes Gold Production 40 Percent Cheaper The USA Began To Spy On the Russian Satellites Killer Russian Medicine: State-of-the-Art. Part One









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
investment  Hans Feurer  Comics  FIFA Russia 2018  Zenit St. Petersburg  Siberian cultural tourism forum  St. Petersburg  Arkady Dvorkovich  LGBT in Russia  Khakassia Reserve  Amber Museum  Unis Fair  Visa Centres  Ostrovsky  Izhevsk  Book Tickets for Concerts  Russian Arts and Crafts  Russian science  Southern Ural festival   Iremel  Russian tourism  Prison  Ufa  Museum of Moscow  Pussy Riot  Russian scientists  Russian religion  Russian economy  Justin Bieber  Spartak Moscow  Leningrad Region  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian transportation  accident  Sapsan trains  Regional Cuisines  Russian Cinema  McDonalds  Norilsk Nickel  CocoRosie  Russia-Vietnam  Fashion Illustration  Yakutia  visa regime  Moscow  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Nozokuznetsk  Russian business  Russian politics  Russian Rock Music 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites