Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


New Diamond Discovered In Kamchatka
August 12, 2015 14:48


(Source: http://newstes.ru/v-mire/page/53)

Scientists have discovered a new diamond of a previously unknown type in the solidified lava from the eruption of the Kamchatka Plosky (Flat) Tolbachik volcano, as the official website of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation reports.

The eruption that contributed to the discovery took place in 2012-2013. It was not quite usual – the eruptions of this kind are called “crack” ones. Its feature is that the lava flows not from the crater of the volcano, but from cracks on its slopes.

Scientists emphasize that the history saw only seven major eruptions of this type: two in Iceland in X and XVIII centuries, two times in Mexico in XVIII and XX centuries, one of the Canary Islands in XVIII century, and two times on Tolbachik in the years 1975-76 and 2012-2013. The message emphasizes the fact that hundreds of diamonds have been extracted from small samples of solidified lava until now. Although there are not so many diamonds from Tolbachik, all of them are large enough. Interestingly, the “diamonds from the volcano”, according to the scientists, are very similar to synthetic, artificial gems. However, their natural origin is not to be doubted, though they differ from all previously known types of gemstone in the majority of mineral and geochemical characteristics – from combustion temperature to the composition of trace elements.

Geologists came up with the theory that the formation of diamonds from Tolbachik involved a lightning that struck volcanic gases containing carbon. The method of producing diamonds from the gas with a use of a strong electrical discharge was patented in France in 1964. It is possible that Russian geologists found the natural analogue of French synthetic diamonds created by nature millions of years ago in Tolbachik lava. Researchers do not exclude that such diamond deposits can compete with traditional kimberlite ones in the future, according to Nord-News.


Sources: http://lenta.ru 


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Kamchatka     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Satellites Killer Launch Ancient Camp Found On The Russky Island 1st Congress of Arctic Universities Started in St. Petersburg First Split Liver Transplantation In Russia ROSCOSMOS Will Allocate 16 Billion RUR for Monitoring Natural Resources









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
call center  Central Bank  travel to Russia  Lenfilm  corruption  VTB  Russian tourism  Alania Vladikavkaz  Awards  Russian regions  Ice Festivals  foul language in Russia  Voronezh   Archaeology  Fountain Season  Vladimir  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Chanson  Miass  Russian banks  Vandalism, Old Moscow  Yaroslavl   Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  E-Book Reader Museum  incident  St. Petersburg  Olympic Games 2012  The Big Cartoon Festival   Orthodoxy  Christmas Trees  Hermitage  Tourism Brand  International space station  non-governmental organization  Science Festivals  Russian business  Shows in Moscow  Tulip Festival  Moscow  Festivals in Moscow  Kronstadt  Russian Cinema  Fabio Capello  Fyodor Fedorovsky  Installations  health  Far East  Gazprom  Tolmachevo Airport   Life Saving 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites