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Lomonosov Satellite to Study Supernova Explosions and Detect Meteors
February 27, 2016 23:03

All scientific data obtained from the state-of-the-art satellite will be available to the world scientific community engaged in space physics.

The Mikhail Lomonosov space satellite developed by the Moscow State University is equipped with devices that make it possible to study supernova explosions, lightning discharges in the  upper atmosphere of the Earth, as well as register meteors and space debris, Ivan Yashin, the head of the Nuclear Physics Research Institute at the Moscow State University reported at the satellite presentation in Moscow.

"That part of the equipment which is pointed away from the Earth is aimed at researching explosive processes that occur in the Universe and are connected with maximum energy release. These are the processes related to supernova explosions. The uniqueness of this system is that it is first ever equipment, which registers these processes in a wide electromagnetic range at the same time", - Ivan Yashin pointed out.

The expert specified that the satellite has gamma detectors, optical and ultra-violet detectors that will register the processes related to supernova explosions.

"There is also equipment directed at the Earth. It will detect and study lightning discharges in the uppermost levels of the atmosphere. At the same time it will registers optical glows in the atmosphere of the Earth caused by high energy light particles passing through it. These are the particles generated in the course of explosive processes in the Universe", - Mr. Yashin explained.

The chief designer added that researchers will watch not usual lightnings, but stratospheric discharges, which happen between the upper layers of the atmosphere and stratosphere.

"In addition to registering optical processes, meteors and space debris will be detected as well", - Ivan Yashin said.

The satellite was developed over 36 months. Originally its launch was planned for March, 2016, however the most probable time of the launch is April, the rector of the Moscow State University noted


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Satellites Mikhail Lomonosov Space Physics Moscow State University  

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