Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Transport Pollution Causes Greatest Harm to Arctic Atmosphere
March 9, 2017 10:36


Enterprizes and factories that burn wood and coal also play a considerable part in atmospheric pollution.
Scientists of the Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) and the Pacific Oceanology Institute ( TOI), FEB RAS have found that the atmosphere of the Russian Arctic is mostly polluted due to transportation.
"Scientists have conducted a study to find out the role of black carbon in the radiative balance of the atmosphere in the Russian Arctic. A two-year-long observation in the Arctic village of Tiksi has shown that the major source of black carbon, which propels global warming is not the burning of associated gas (flare gas), thermal power plants and forest fires, as it used to be considered earlier, but transport pollution", - the press service of the Tomsk Polytechnic University informs.
The research conducted by Russian scientists jointly with the staff of the Stockholm University has revealed that 6 percent of black carbon emitted into the atmosphere is due to gas flares, 12 percent to forest fires and up to 9 percent to power plants. The main contribution to pollution falls onto transport (38%) and local sources, such as enterprises burning wood and coal (35%). The data has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Scientists assume that contamination of the Arctic atmosphere is due to the transfer of transport contaminated air  from the European part of Russia. As the report reads, the soot, which is black carbon's main component generated during incomplete combustion of fuel in diesel engines, furnaces and so on, falls on the snow and ice surface. That leads to reduced reflection of solar radiation, which in turn increases the melting of snow and ice.
"The studies were conducted on the basis of the Polar Geocosmological Observatory, located on the shores of the Arctic Ocean, near the village of Tiksi. This location was selected as a background area, due to its maximum distance from the modern industrial centers. The results were unexpected to all of our research team," - the press service cited Igor Semiletov, the head of the International Carbon Cycle Laboratory of the TPU.
 


Sources: http:// :// 

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Global Warming Arctic Pollution Ecology  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Detergent Microgels of Apple Nanoparticles Developed in the Urals Russia's Oldest Antique Temple Discovered in Phanagoria Kazan Scientists to Engineer Russia's First Robot Judge Large Hadron Collider to Be Modernized Intel Will Cooperate With RVC





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Satellites  Russia international  Alexandrovsky Garden  Murmansk  Iremel  Armavir  Megafon  Moscow Muslims  Russian tourism  map of monuments  Inter-Continental Hotel Group  Moscow railway stations  Khimki Forest  Russian oil and gas  Gelendzhik  Balalaika  Historical Exhibitions  corruption  Russian history  Ivan the Terrible  Archeology  International Chamber Opera Festival  Russia-USA  Kemerovo Region  oil prices  Moscow  Russian physics  Russian government  Exhibitions in Moscow  Exhibitions in Saint Petersburg  Zika Virus  Natalia Vodianova  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  VKontakte  Gold Bee Design Biennale  Ancient Sites  Anatoli Papanov  Asgardia  Russian Cinema  Russian opera  Soviet Russia  Sergey Reznik  Adyghe  Russian Literature  Russian International  Painting  Russian Premier League  Chechen republic  Veliky Novgorod  Russian business 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites