Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Transport Pollution Causes Greatest Harm to Arctic Atmosphere
March 9, 2017 10:36


Enterprizes and factories that burn wood and coal also play a considerable part in atmospheric pollution.
Scientists of the Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) and the Pacific Oceanology Institute ( TOI), FEB RAS have found that the atmosphere of the Russian Arctic is mostly polluted due to transportation.
"Scientists have conducted a study to find out the role of black carbon in the radiative balance of the atmosphere in the Russian Arctic. A two-year-long observation in the Arctic village of Tiksi has shown that the major source of black carbon, which propels global warming is not the burning of associated gas (flare gas), thermal power plants and forest fires, as it used to be considered earlier, but transport pollution", - the press service of the Tomsk Polytechnic University informs.
The research conducted by Russian scientists jointly with the staff of the Stockholm University has revealed that 6 percent of black carbon emitted into the atmosphere is due to gas flares, 12 percent to forest fires and up to 9 percent to power plants. The main contribution to pollution falls onto transport (38%) and local sources, such as enterprises burning wood and coal (35%). The data has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Scientists assume that contamination of the Arctic atmosphere is due to the transfer of transport contaminated air  from the European part of Russia. As the report reads, the soot, which is black carbon's main component generated during incomplete combustion of fuel in diesel engines, furnaces and so on, falls on the snow and ice surface. That leads to reduced reflection of solar radiation, which in turn increases the melting of snow and ice.
"The studies were conducted on the basis of the Polar Geocosmological Observatory, located on the shores of the Arctic Ocean, near the village of Tiksi. This location was selected as a background area, due to its maximum distance from the modern industrial centers. The results were unexpected to all of our research team," - the press service cited Igor Semiletov, the head of the International Carbon Cycle Laboratory of the TPU.
 


Sources: http:// :// 

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Global Warming Arctic Pollution Ecology  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

New Polymeric Materials How To Predict Tornadoes? Where To See Sun Eclipse in Russia Russias Space Ambitions The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1975





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Interactive Museums  Russian Cinema  religion  Exhibitions in Moscow  Foreign Currency  Russian musicians  Moscow  Maria Sharapova  Russian Icon Museum  Leo Tolstoy  Resources  New York Times  Pavel Kogan  international cooperation  Ivan Krylov  Alexander Matveyev  Perm  Norilsk Nickel  Painting  Monuments in Moscow  Tragedy  Business Center  Speakers' Corner  Vodny island  Russian business  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  International Rating Agencies  Russian Ball  Magadan Region  crisis  Exhibitions in St. Petersburg  Nakhodka  Barysh  The Romanov Family  Spas-Klepiki  Bolshoi Theatre  Kemerovo Region  Russian tourism  foreign passport  Russian monarchy  mathematics  Russian money  Kolomenskoye  Vladimir Nilov  Irkutsk  Russian history  Russian Literature  Travel  Unusual Monuments  Archeology 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites