Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

Transport Pollution Causes Greatest Harm to Arctic Atmosphere
March 9, 2017 10:36

Enterprizes and factories that burn wood and coal also play a considerable part in atmospheric pollution.
Scientists of the Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) and the Pacific Oceanology Institute ( TOI), FEB RAS have found that the atmosphere of the Russian Arctic is mostly polluted due to transportation.
"Scientists have conducted a study to find out the role of black carbon in the radiative balance of the atmosphere in the Russian Arctic. A two-year-long observation in the Arctic village of Tiksi has shown that the major source of black carbon, which propels global warming is not the burning of associated gas (flare gas), thermal power plants and forest fires, as it used to be considered earlier, but transport pollution", - the press service of the Tomsk Polytechnic University informs.
The research conducted by Russian scientists jointly with the staff of the Stockholm University has revealed that 6 percent of black carbon emitted into the atmosphere is due to gas flares, 12 percent to forest fires and up to 9 percent to power plants. The main contribution to pollution falls onto transport (38%) and local sources, such as enterprises burning wood and coal (35%). The data has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Scientists assume that contamination of the Arctic atmosphere is due to the transfer of transport contaminated air  from the European part of Russia. As the report reads, the soot, which is black carbon's main component generated during incomplete combustion of fuel in diesel engines, furnaces and so on, falls on the snow and ice surface. That leads to reduced reflection of solar radiation, which in turn increases the melting of snow and ice.
"The studies were conducted on the basis of the Polar Geocosmological Observatory, located on the shores of the Arctic Ocean, near the village of Tiksi. This location was selected as a background area, due to its maximum distance from the modern industrial centers. The results were unexpected to all of our research team," - the press service cited Igor Semiletov, the head of the International Carbon Cycle Laboratory of the TPU.

Sources: http:// :// 

Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Global Warming Arctic Pollution Ecology  

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 Saliva and Dental Calculus to Make Diagnostics Easier Electronic Module For the Kalashnikov Gun Mars Landing Simulation Practice Started FASO to Finance Research of Changing Ecosystem of Lake Baikal

comments powered by Disqus

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
Siberia  Leo Tolstoy  Russian spacecrafts  Sylvester Shchedrin  Pop Music   Russian festivals  Russian scientists  Russian science  Books  Arts and Crafts  Tycoons  Russian Grids  Leningrad Region  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Cinema  Archeology  Roman Abramovich  Russian business  Russian Literature  Amulets  Aeroflot  Polina Popova  Russian Winter  Modern Art in Traditional Museum  Chavez  Russian trains  Gustav Klutsis  All-Russia Exhibition Centre  sanctions  Russian history  Russian aviation  Painting  Multimedia Art Museum  Moscow  Golden Horde coins  biking in Russia  Slovyansk  Feodor Chaliapin  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Transportation  Khokhloma souvenirs  Russia's image  Car World 2013  Gonets  Nude  Mary El Republic  Russian tourism  Dno  inventions  Sochi 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites