Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1956
before March 9, 2006

"for his researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions"

 

Nikolai Nikolaevic Semenov was born in Saratov on April 3, 1896. He graduated from Petrograd University in 1917 and in 1920 he took charge of the electron phenomena laboratory of the Leningrad Physico-Technical Institute. He lectured at the Polytechnical Institute and was appointed Professor in 1928. In 1931, he became Director of the Institute of Chemical Physics of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences (which has moved to Moscow in 1943); from 1944 he has been a Professor at the Moscow State University.

Semenov's outstanding work on the mechanism of chemical transformation includes an exhaustive analysis of the application of the chain theory to varied reactions and, more especially, to combustion processes. He proposed a theory of degenerate branching which led to a better understanding of the phenomena associated with the induction periods of oxidation processes. Semenov has made valuable contributions to the field of molecular physics; he has also carried out investigations on electron phenomena, dielectric breakdown and the propagation of explosive waves.

Semenov has written two important books concerned with his work. Chemical Kinetics and Chain Reactions was published in 1934 with an English edition in 1935. It was the first book in the U.S.S.R. to develop a detailed theory of unbranched and branched chain reactions in chemistry. Some Problems of Chemical Kinetics and Reactivity, first published in 1954, was revised in 1958; there are also English, American, German, and Chinese editions.

He became a Corresponding Member of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences in 1929 and Academician in 1932: he was awarded five Orders of Lenin and the Order of Red Banner of Labour. He is a member of the Chemical Society (London), Foreign Member of the Royal Society, and foreign member of the American, Indian, German, and Hungarian Academies of Sciences. He also holds Honorary Doctorate degrees of Oxford and Brussels Universities, and since 1960 he has been Chairman of the All-Union Society for Propagation of Political and Scientific Knowledge.

He married Natalya Nikolaevna Semenova; they have one son and one daughter.

From Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964
 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
 

Nikolay Semenov died on September 25, 1986

Link to Nikolay Semenov's Nobel Lecture:
http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1956/semenov-lecture.html
Link to Nikolay Semenov's Banquet Speech:
http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1956/semenov-speech.html
 


Tags: Nobel Prize Russian science    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

New Smartphone By Taiga Systems New Potentially Dangerous Substances Revealed in Moscow Environment Animals that are Now Lost How to Predict Tornadoes? Russians Scientists Discovered the Remains of Female Weavers from the Golden Horde









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
human rights in Russia  Russian business  Russia-Japan  Moscow  Ust-Ilimsk  Christmas Tree price  Adygea  LUKoil   Russian writers  children theatres  Education and Science  Transaero  Russian Rock  Komi Republic  Dmitry Kardovsky  Internet Zone  Saint Petersburg  the State Museum of Literature  Buryatia  Winzavod  Ulyanovsk  Russian economy  Russian opposition  Russian television  Yudashkin  Kirov  Joseph Stalin  Flashmob  Vladimir Tsigal  St. Petersburg  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian science  odd news  Russian scientists  Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys  ban  Life Saving  Russian trade  Russian opposition activists  Vologda Architecture  politics  Polina Dashkova  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  iPhone 5s  Russian Cinema  Death Museums  2018 FIFA World Cup  Tatarstan  Alexander Solzhenitsyn Award  Russian tourism 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites