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The Nobel Peace Prize 1990
before March 9, 2006

"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"

Mikhail Gorbachev

March 2, born, Privolnoye, Krasnogvardeisky District, Stavropol territory in the North Caucasus, to a peasant family in a small village, his father an agricultural mechanic on a collective farm.
German army occupies the Privolnoye area.
Begins work as assistant to combine harvest operator.
Awarded Order of Red Banner of Labour.
Enrolled in Faculty of Law, Moscow University.
After having been a member of Komsomol (Communist Youth Organisation), now joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
Marries Raisa Maximovna Titorenko, philosophy student. Receives degree in law.
Appointed First Secretary, Komsomol Territorial Committee, then moves up to higher posts, finally becoming top Komsomol official in Stavropol.
Daughter Irina born.
Delegate from Stavropol to 22nd Communist Party Congress in Moscow.
Appointed to key position in Stavropol Communist Party, responsible for personnel in administration, farms and industry.
Studies for second degree at Stavropol Agricultural Institute.
Appointed First Secretary for Stavropol territory, governing an area of 2.4 million people.
Member CPSU Central Committee.
Moves to Moscow as Secretary of Agriculture in Central Committee.
Becomes youngest full member of Politburo.
March, Elected by Central Committee as General Secretary of CPSU.
Elected by new parliament as Executive President of Soviet Union.
August, abortive coup of hardliners, resigns as General Secretary of CPSU, dissolves Central Committee.
December 25, resigns as President when Soviet Union disintegrates.

Head of Foundation for Social, Economic and Political Research, think-tank founded after August coup.

Link to Mikhail Gorbachev's Nobel Lecture:

Tags: Nobel Prize Russian science Russian scientists   

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