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New Type of Matter Probably Exists
26.06.2014 12:07
New Type of Matter Probably Exists

Calculations of the Russian researcher from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology show that fermionic matter can exist in previously unknown type of the one-dimension liquid.

      According to the scientist, one-dimension liquid is not that type of matter we can observe with a naked eye. The term "liquid" here means models, describing multi-particle systems with interactions between particles. Such models can describe well-known objects like electrons in conductors, as well as unusual ones like nanotubes and graphene sheets.

      To date two models of fermionic matter exist - fermi-liquid, which works in two- and three-dimensional space, and Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid for one-dimension space. New state of fermionic matter resembles both of them, but is different nevertheless.

      Fermionic matter consists of fermions, which are particles with half-integral spin.




Author: Anna Kizilova


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