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Ladoga Manor Complex Appeared In Karelia
21.08.2014 08:03
Ladoga Manor Complex Appeared In Karelia

A new hotel complex "Ladoga manor" opened in the homestead of Oscar Nissinen Niemelyankhovi in Sortavala District of Karelia. As conceived by the owners, the estate may become the basis of tourism in Ladoga region.

      Niemelyankhovi mansion is a historical and cultural monument. The modern hotel complex built on the basis of the estate was restored according to the property’s drawings and photographs from the 19th century. Historic building (the homestead itself, the barn, training workshops, stables, etc.) combines with new buildings (as of today there were built 17 tourist cottages).

      The homestead’s main building is still under restoration. As the general director of "Ladoga Estate" Valery Kulikov said, inside of it there will be recreated interiors of the late 19th century. On the first floor there will be created a museum exhibition (the owners have already bought back the Nissinens' original family pictures from Finland photo archives; a 17th century Russian women's costume collection was acquired for exposition at a French auction) and also a music room. The potential visitors of recreation center are primarily the St. Petersburg and Moscow residents, but in the future of Finland and neighboring countries (although, according to the owners, due to the international rally the Americans have become the regular visitors to the republic).

      Lake Ladoga is a freshwater lake located in the Republic of Karelia and Leningrad Oblast in northwestern Russia just outside the outskirts of Saint Petersburg. It is the largest lake in Europe, and the 14th largest freshwater lake by area in the world. The lake has an average surface area of 17,891 km² (excluding the islands). Its north-to-south length is 219 km and its average width is 83 km; the average depth is 51 m, although it reaches a maximum of 230 m in the north-western part. Basin area: 276,000 km², volume: 837 km³ (earlier estimated as 908 km³);. There are around 660 islands, with a total area of about 435 km². Ladoga is, on average, 5 m above sea level. Most of the islands, including the famous Valaam archipelago, Kilpola and Konevets, are situated in the northwest of the lake. Separated from the Baltic Sea by the Karelian Isthmus, it drains into the Gulf of Finland via the Neva River. Lake Ladoga is navigable, being a part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway connecting the Baltic Sea with the Volga River. The Ladoga Canal bypasses the lake in the southern part, connecting the Neva to the Svir. The basin of Lake Ladoga includes about 50,000 lakes and 3,500 rivers longer than 10 km. About 85% of the water inflow is due to tributaries, 13% is due to precipitation, and 2% is due to underground waters.

      Ladoga Lacus, a methane lake on Saturns Moon Titan is named after the lake.

      The Ladoga is rich with fish. 48 forms (species and infraspecific taxa) of fish have been encountered in the lake, including roach, carp bream, zander, European perch, ruffe, endemic variety of smelt, two varieties of Coregonus albula (vendace), eight varieties of Coregonus lavaretus, a number of other Salmonidae as well as, albeit rarely, endangered European sea sturgeon. Commercial fishing was once a major industry but has been hurt by overfishing. After the war, between 1945–1954, the total annual catch increased and reached a maximum of 4,900 tonnes. However, unbalanced fishery led to the drastic decrease of catch in 1955–1963, sometimes to 1,600 tonnes per year. Trawling has been forbidden in Lake Ladoga since 1956 and some other restrictions were imposed. The situation gradually recovered, and in 1971–1990 the catch ranged between 4,900 and 6,900 tonnes per year, about the same level as the total catch in 1938. Fish farms and recreational fishing are developing. It has its own endemic Ringed Seal subspecies known as the Ladoga Seal. Since the beginning of the 1960s Ladoga has become considerably eutrophicated. Nizhnesvirsky Natural Reserve is situated along the shore of Lake Ladoga immediately to the north of the mouth of the River Svir.



Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Ladoga Karelia    

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