Archaeologists have found a well-preserved human skeleton with an elongated skull during the excavation in a three-kilometer distance from the “Arkaim” nature reserve in Chelyabinsk Oblast. This was reported by the Head of the museum reserve Maria Makurova. “We conducted excavations on the territory of the burial ground of II-III centuries BC, where 15 unusual horseshoe-shaped mounds are concentrated. Our first discovery was the skeleton of a nomad, presumably a woman, with an expressed deformation of the skull - it is very stretched in the upper part” - she told.
It is possible that the woman belonged to the late Sarmatians - an ancient tribe that roamed through the territories of the modern Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the south of Russia. The Head of the museum explained the deformation of the skull by the ancient traditions when children’s heads were tightly tied with ropes and planks, as a result, their bones acquired an elongated shape. Historians have no clear answer to the question about what this tradition of nomadic tribes meant. It is known that the tradition of elongating the skulls was also characteristic of ancient Egyptians and Indians.
Author: Anna Dorozhkina