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Kodar National Park: Preserve And Improve
26.07.2016 18:10
Kodar National Park: Preserve And Improve
(Source: http://russia-reborn.ru/news/profile/1202253.html)

It is projected to create "Kodar" national park in Zabaikalsky Krai. But it will be set about the project only after "Chikoy" park will open. Kodar is a Trans-Baikal ridge, known worldwide for its perma-glaciers and unique peaks. 200-kilometers stretched ridge has not been thoroughly explored by tourists yet.


      

The lack of any infrastructure is the main barrier toward mountain summits. The status of special protected area, given to Kodar, will contribute to infrastructure’s development. The new status of the ridge would help not only to preserve the unique nature of Northern Mountains, but also to attract large funds into the region due to tourism.

       


      
Zabaikalsky territory, in the south-east of Siberia is about 430000 sq. km. Zabaikalye is located far from the big economic centres of the country's west and is close to the Russian Far East. Zabaykalye is a mountainous area. There are plateaus, hills and mountain ranges: the Argynsky and Nerchinsky chains, the ranges Kodar, Udokan, and Kalar. There are numerous rives in the area. The Shilka and the Argun rivers flowing over the territory are the in-flows of the Amur river. Zabaikalsky territory has a lot of lakes such as Leprindo, Leprindokan in the North and the group of Ivano-Arakhlei lakes in the central part. Rivers and lakes are abundant in fish: pike, salmon, trout, grayling, perch and others. Zabaikalye is a land of vast forests, mainly pine, birch and larch. These are the most common trees in the area. Besides, in taiga tourists can see elm, asp, alder. There are evergreen trees such as pines, fir-trees, silver fir trees, Siberian cedar. Zbaikalsky territory boasts a diverse fauna. There are bears, wolves, foxes, hares, elks, lynxes, sables, squirrels, chipmunks, red deer, musk deer, north deer. Among birds there are sparrows, ravens, magpies, tits, pigeons, woodpeckers. They are not migrated birds, they live here all the year round, some birds such as swallows, swifts, wagtails, cranes, herons, larks fly away to warm lands in autumn and come back again in spring. The first spring flowers are blue crocuses, primroses and violets, then we can see butter cups, king cups, forget-me-nots, dandelions, bluebells, pinks, lilies and foxgloves. The climate of Zabaikalsk is subcontinental, that is winter is long and severe, with little snow and sunny dry weather, summer is short and warm. 

      
Zabaikalsky National Park is one of the most beautiful places on Lake Baikal. Established to protect the unique natural ecosystems of the Baikal watershed, the multi-functional conservation area protects part of the western slopes of the Barguzin Mountain Range on the eastern shore of Lake Baikal. The park’s coniferous forests host a wide array of wildlife, from brown bear to Manchurian wapiti to musk deer to capercaillie. The endemic Baikal seal frolics in the lake’s waters, feeding on the abundance of fish. The national park is included in the Lake Baikal World Heritage Site. Most of the park is mountainous landscape, made up of mid-level and high mountain ridges. The park boundary follows the water divide of the Barguzin River basin, located outside the park. Aquatic ecosytems of Lake Baikal occupy 13.8 percent (37,000 ha) of the park. The national park includes the Chivyrkuisky Bay and part of Barguzin Bay on Lake Baikal, as well as a section of the lake shore to the north of these bays.The water temperature of Lake Baikal seldom rises above 14 degrees Celcius. Average annual precipitation ranges from 350 mm near the coast to 450 mm in the mountains. The prevailing winds are from the west and southwest. Plant communities in the park are distributed according to vertical zoning along the mountainous terrain. The bottom belt of forests is primarily made up of larch forests with an undergrowth of mountain pine. Mixed pine and larch forests occupy areas higher up. Dark coniferous forests of fir, spruce, and Siberian pine are found from 400-500 m and 1000-1200m above sea level, changing to larch and sparse spruce forests higher still. From 1400-1500 m above sea level, mountain tundra ecosystems, alpine meadows, and rocky slopes dominate the terrain. Bogs are numerous in the northern part of the reserve and around the mouths of rivers.

      

      
How to get there and away

      
There are a number of historical and cultural monuments in the Zabaykalsky national park, including the Monakhovskaya, Nizhneizgolovskaya, Zimoveinomysskaya, and Shimaiskaya markings. Archeological sites of interest in the park include camps from the Neolithic era, tombs from the second century b.c., tombs of nomads from the XIV-XV centuries, traces of an ancient irrigation system, and 35 settlements from the Bronze and early Iron ages.  There are also a number of unique natural formations in the park, 17 of which were dedicated natural monuments even before the park was created.  Landscape natural monuments include Ongo-Konsky Cape, Bolshoi Baklany (“great cormorant”) Island, and the Ushkani Islands.  Geological monuments include Malocheremshanskaya Cave, Poyushiye Peski (“singing sands”), the Greater and Lesser Kyltygey Islands, and Kameshek-Bezymyanny (“nameless rock”) Island. Hydrological monuments of special interest are Zmeiny, Nechaevsky, and Kulinye Swamp springs, and Lake Arangatui.  Cheremchanskaya Grove is a botanical natural monument.  Zabaykalsky territory is located in the Yakutsk time zone. UTC offset is +0900. Chita is the principal arrival point for most visitors, who usually arrive on the Trabs-Siberian Railway although the Baikal-Amur Mainlane also cuts through Chita Oblast's more isolated north. Chita is also served by VIM Airlines from Moscow and Bratsk. Chita derives much of its importance to Russia from its proximity to China. As such, it has served as a point for international trade, migration, and even war. Today Chita contains a large Russian military presence - for this reason Chita was a "closed city" during the Soviet era. 

      

Sources: http://strana.ru 

Author: Anna Dorozhkina

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