Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

Archaeological Monuments Of Chechen Republic
29.12.2016 21:54
Archaeological Monuments Of Chechen Republic
(Source: http://www.kavkaz-uzel.eu/rubric)

The map of archaeological monuments was developed in the Chechen Republic. The staff of the Center of Archaeological Researches of Chechnya was busy with its compilation.

      The maps of Naursky, Shelkovskoy, Nadterechny and Gudermessky districts were compiled and published. In the course of map developing, the objects belonging to the archaeological heritage destroyed in a result of illegal farming in Alkhan-Kala, Berkat-Yurt and other historical territories are subjected to protection (rescue) research. Lots, allocated for the construction of wells in the Mesketinskoye oilfield and Chiri-Yurt cement plant pit in Ushkaloy were also subjected to critical scrutiny. The questions of the necessity to conduct a protection research were raised, as the evidences of the archaeological monuments' destruction were found there.

      A republic in the North Caucasus, Chechnya became part of present-day Russia in XIX century. Administratively, the Chechen Republic is made up of 18 districts. Its capital Grozny, with a population of about 300,000, is being restored as an industrial, cultural and scientific center of Chechnya. Other main cities include Gudermes, Argun, Urus-Martan, and Shali. Chechnya has about 500 settlements, its population is about one million people. The Greater Caucasus, wedged in between the Black and Caspian Seas on either side of the Main Caucasus Ridge, has been known to travelers and seafarers since ancient times. It attracted them not only with its inimical beauty and uniqueness but also, as it was believed then, by untold wealth. It was sought by the Greek argonauts who went in search of the golden fleece and later by Byzantine and Venetian merchants. In former times the Great Silk Road, laid as early as the second century BC, crossed the Greater Caucasus. Western powers resisted Russia's growing might in the Caucasus and on the Black Sea. Their interest in the Caucasus was also fueled by the discovery of Caspian oil deposits. Force was resorted to on many occasions to wrest these rich and strategically important areas from Russia, first in the course of the 19th century by Britain, and then in the 20th century by Nazi Germany. Chechens call their republic Ichkeria. Representatives of dozens of ethnic communities have been living in Chechnya since times immemorial. Ingushes, Russians, Kumyks, and Nogais have formed the largest ethnic communities. There are thousands of ethnic Lezgians, Armenians, Circassians, Jews, Ukrainians, Avars, Tartars, Lezgians, Kurds, Azeris.

      The Chechen language belongs to the Nakh group of Caucasian languages. Their written language based on the Arabic script was replaced by the Cyrillic and later Latin alphabets. Unlike other Caucasian ethnic communities, the Chechen and Ingushes have to a certain extent preserved communal rule and tribal institutions. Social and class distinctions were not graphically manifest in the Chechen community for many centuries, so the community emerged as the dominating social pattern, including ethnic Chechen and other families within a major settlement or bringing together several minor villages. Clan meetings have ordered community life since the earliest times, while a meeting of the entire community determined the use of farmland, appointed the days for ploughing and haymaking, and mediated disputes. Chechens call themselves Nokhchi. Special mention should be made of the word "Nokhchallah" which the they use to describe the “Chechen character”. The word does not lend itself to translation. "Nokhcho" stands for Chechen."Nokhchallah" brings together all the specific properties of the Chechen character. It implies a whole gamut of moral and ethical norms. It may be described as the Chechen code of honor.

      A legend says that the ancestor of all Chechens - Nokhcho - was born with a piece of iron in one hand and a piece of cheese in the other. "Grace seldom rests on places unfrequented by guests," "a guest brings joy,""the longer the guest's way to your house, the more respect you owe him..." Many sayings, legends and fables focus on the sacred law of hospitality. There is a direct connection between hospitality and greetings. To greet someone, Chechens open up their arms, that is bare their heart for us to see that they neither hide mean intentions nor plan any evil. In a Chechen family the mothers enjoy a special social status. The husband is no more than the head of a family but the woman has, from times immemorial, kept the fire, and the worst thing one Chechen can say to another is "I wish the fire went dead in your fireplace." The Chechens have always held in the highest esteem those who keep the fire. The fire-keepers enjoy a very privileged position.


Sources: http://strana.ru 

Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags:      

Next Previous


You might also find interesting:

Nouvelair Tunisie Airlines Will Operate Direct Moscow-Tunis Flights
07.05.2016
New Walking Tour Appeared In Glinka Village
30.08.2016
Tourist Routes In Bashkiria
14.08.2016
More Russian Tourists Go To Turkey
24.03.2017
Prodexpo 2017 Opened In Expocentre
12.02.2017



comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian politicians  Yuri Gagarin  Russian oil and gaz producers   Russian medicine  International space station  Cinema Fund  Lipetsk   Moscow airports  Science Fiction  skating rink  Russian history  Burial Grounds  Russian fashion  Moscow  Archeology  Slayer  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Krasnoyarsk  Stalingrad Battle  Rossiya Bank  Russian prisoners  Kaliningrad Region  Primorie  2019 Winter University Game  Power plant   Unusual Monuments  Multimedia Art Museum  Russian Cinema  Military Satellites  business  Ivan Skobrev  Russian Folk Art  Lyubov Polischuk  Tomsk  Russian tourism  Great Patriotic War  Exhibitions in Moscow  Painting  Clean City  Caucasus travel  Design  Andrey Zvyagintsev  Russian business  Concerts in Moscow  Russian Literature  Taimyr  Ballet  Siberia  St.Petersburg  Boris Grebenshchikov 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites