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Adventure Tourism Will Be Developed In Dagestan
4.01.2017 17:54
Adventure Tourism Will Be Developed In Dagestan

Presentation of a large-scale project for the development of adventure tourism in Dagestan was held at the exhibition "Young businessman - support of the country" in Makhachkala.

      Tourist project “Dagextreme” was presented at the forum by the young businessman Magomed Murtuzaliev. In the framework of the project, the fans of extreme sports in Dagestan will get the access to such sports  as hiking, climbing, snowkiting, windsurfing and kite surfing. The project realization has already started, the main routes have been designed and instructors for the tourists are being trained.

      The Republic of Dagestan constitutes a part of the Russian Federation. It is situated in the North Caucasus and is the most southern part of Russia. Makhachkala, Dagestan’s administrative and cultural center, is located 2166km from Moscow. By land and the Caspian Sea Dagestan is bound by five states - Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran, while within the Russian Federation, it is bound by Stavropol Territory, Kalmykia and Chechnya. The geographical situation, landscape diversity and the Caspian Sea reservoir make the climate of Dagestan rather diversified. Dagestan comprises five climatic and a number of geographical zones: from the Caspian lowland at 28 meters below the level of the world ocean and the subtropics - up to the snow peaks of more than 4 thousand meters high. Local summers are warm and long. Average winter temperature is 0-5C, average summer temperature is +25C. 

      Dagestan means the "Mountain Country" in Turkic as 56% of its total territory is covered with mountain ranges and valleys. Mountain peaks covered with snow all year round impress tourists with their magnificent beauty and calm. Green valleys and meadows, sand seashore and world famous Caucasian hospitality contribute to the growing popularity of the region. Dagestan is unique due to a great variety of cultures and peoples, too: more than 30 ethnic groups have been living here from time immemorial on a relatively small territory, forming the united community of peoples who have never waged wars against each other. It is not by mere chance that the land of Mountains is otherwise called the "Mountain of Languages". Folklore and handicraft traditions, especially in the mountainous regions are as rich in Dagestan as anywhere else in Russia. Dagestan’s intricately patterned carpets and textiles are the most renowned of the region’s crafts. Other crafts such as jewelry making, pottery making, wood notching, etc are also well known throughout the world.

      Dagestan is rich in historical and cultural monuments. There are over 8,000 monuments in Dagestan that are under federal protection. Some of them are truly unique ones: grandiose defense system in Derbent, 7th century Naryn-Kala fortress, 13-15th centuries mosques and fortresses, etc. Situated on the joint of Europe and Asia, Dagestan belongs to both East and West. Grandiose mountainous landscapes, picturesque fertile valleys, deserts and liana forests, waterfalls and wonderful sea beaches enrapture the spectator with their inimitable beauty, and those who have seen these picturesque landscapes of Dagestan, starve for returning here again and again. Dagestan, this "museum in the open air", is far from having been studied to the full, its ancient fortresses, manuscripts, and heroic legends still keep many mysteries. But the way of life of the peoples of Dagestan can be undoubtedly called the phenomenon of the "Dagestan civilization".

How to get there and away


      Makhachkala airport operates daily flights to/from Moscow (Vnukovo or Domodedovo airports), twice a week to/from Rostov-on-Don, St. Petersburg, and once a week to/from Kazan, Krasnodar, etc.


Makhachkala railway station serves regular trains to/from Moscow (Paveletsky station) with stops at Kizlyar, Astrakhan, Saratov, and Tambov. Trains run between Derbent and Rostov-on-Don. There are also transit trains with a short stop in Makhachkala following from Baku to Astrakhan, Kharkov, Moscow, and Kiev.


The road from Moscow to Makhachkala (via Astrakhan, and further on to Baku) is safe and not really busy. There are numerous buses and minivans running from Makhachkala to Derbent and other cities and towns of the Republic, except for mountainous regions. 




Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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