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Sviyazhsk Island-Town Can Get Into the World Heritage List
6.07.2017 14:59
Sviyazhsk Island-Town Can Get Into the World Heritage List
(Source: http://belaja-zebra.ru/tours)

Sviyazhsk Island-Town can get into the World Heritage list this year, becoming the third UNESCO object located on the territory of Tatarstan, according to RBC.

      “If all goes right, this year the Uspensky Cathedral of Sviyazhsk Island-Town must be included into the World Heritage list” - Rustam Minnikhanov, the President of the Republic stated at a meeting with the members of the State Duma Committee on Physical Education, Sport, Tourism and Youth Affairs. He noted that much has been done to promote sport and tourism potential of Tatarstan. “Thanks to the “Vozrojdenie” Fund we are have completely set in order Sviyazhsk Island-Town and Bolgar for 5-6 years— today these are the brightest tourist attractions of our country. Two years ago Bolgar was included in the World Heritage list, just like the Kremlin of Kazan” - Minnikhanov explained.

      Tatarstan is situated in the centre of the Russian Federation on the East-European Plain at the confluence of the two greatest rivers - the Volga and the Kama. The overall territory of the Republic is 67'836.2 sq.km. The Republic stretches for 290 km from North to South and for 460 km from West to East. Tatarstan has no borders with foreign states. In the North, it borders Kirovsky region; in the northeast, the Republic of Udmurtia; in the northwest, the Republic of Mari-El; in the west, the Republic of Chuvashia; in the east, the Republic of Bashkortostan; and in the south, Samara Region, Orenburg Region, and Ulyanovsk Region. The climate of the region is moderate-continental. However, there are droughts. Average temperature of the coldest month (January) is -13C, of the warmest (July) +19C. Annual average amount of precipitation is 460-520 mm. Vegetation period is about 170 days. More than 16 per cent of the territory of the Republic is covered with forests, mainly by greenwood (oak, lime, birch, aspen), coniferous types include pine and spruce. Local fauna is represented by 430 species of vertebrates and hundreds of species of invertebrates. 

      The first settlements in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan date back to Paleolithic period (100,000 years ago). In the 8-11 centuries, tribes of the ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region. The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria - was set up at the end of the 10th century. The Bulgars were the first in Europe to begin to smelt iron and make qualitative leather goods, erect castles with central heating. The Bulgar mosques and medrese (Muslim clerical schools) diffused learning and culture in the neighbouring regions. In 1236 the Bulgar state fell under the pressure of the Mongol-Tatars. Many towns, i.e. Bulgar, Bilyar, Suvar, etc. were destroyed and set on fire. In the XIII-XIVth CC. the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria became the part of the Turkic state Zolotaya Orda (Golden Horde). The collapse of Zolotaya Orda resulted in formation of a number of new states including the Kazan Khanate. It inherited ethnic, language, religious, cultural and trade-economic traditions of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria. Kazan became the capital of the newly formatted state. The Kazan Khanate ceased its existence in October 1552, after two-month siege when troops of Ivan 4 (the Terrible), numbering 150,000 people, conquered Kazan. 

      A path-breaking step in the way of reconstruction of state independence of the Tatar people was proclamation of the Volga region autonomy in 1920. The end of this century brought new possibilities for reconstruction of state independence of Tatarstan. On 30 August 1990, the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Republic was adopted and signed. In line with people's will, referendum, held in March, 1992 and new Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan, adopted on November 6, 1992 established a new state status of the Republic. 


Sources: http://strana.ru 

Author: Anna Dorozhkina

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