Add to favorite


 Alexander II Romanov

Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia


Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.

Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share


search on the map
Russian business  Archeology  Russian history  Baikal  Gastronomic tourism  FIFA Russia 2018  Moscow Museums  Vandalism  Russian tourism  Cars  Russian newspapers  scandal  state tour operator  Sasha Pivovarova  Nagatinsk  Euro-5  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian banks  Valery Gergiev  Moscow  Dictionaries of the 21st Century  map of monuments  Birchbark Manuscript  New Films  fashion designer  Bolshoi Theatre  gas wars  Unusual Monuments  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Grand Prix of Figure Skating  Russian Me  Russian opera  Russian Literature  Petropavlovskaya fortress  Old Russian House  Vera Glagoleva   Baikonur  Aeroexpress  Khabarovsk  Ukraine  car premiers 2012  Ufa  Film Festivals  Russian Cinema  St. Petersburg  International Monetary Fund  the Urals region  Moscow Art Theater in the name of Chekhov   music  Yury Tolstoy 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites