Add to favorite
 

   

 Vladimir Lenin (Ulyanov)


Born:   22 April 1870
Deceased:   21 January 1924

Revolutionary, founder of the Soviet State

      

Lenin is the founder of the Bolshevik party and the Soviet State. During World War I he developed a plan to turn the imperial war into civil war, and succeeded in his plan.

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Ulyanov) was born on April, 22nd, 1870 in the city of Simbirsk (nowadays Ulyanovsk) on the banks of Volga River.

  Vladimir Ulyanov was born into the family of an inspector of folk schools, who became a hereditary nobleman. Vladimir’s elder brother was executed in 1887 for his participation in an attempt on the life of Tsar Alexander III. In November 1917 the Socialist Revolution broke out under Lenin’s leadership, which later led to the Civil War. After the revolution Lenin signed a peace treaty with Germany, thus having put an end to Russia’s participation in World War I. He founded the Red Army and III Communistic International. Lenin started violent struggle against peasants who did not want to give up their property, witch-hunt against “public enemies”, and established VChK (All-Russian Extraordinary Committee, later KGB) to implement the new state policy of “The Red Terror”.

Later Lenin changed the policy of military communism to the new economic policy directed on the growth of national economy, and founded the socialist state – the USSR.

As a result of a suddenly deteriorated health Vladimir Lenin died on January, 21st, 1924.

After his death the cult of his personality gained even more strength: Lenin monuments were set up in villages and cities, and many streets and settlements were renamed after him. Lenin’s libraries were opened all over the country, however not all his wishes were implemented. Lenin's mausoleum in the Red Square in Moscow is still keeping the mummy of Lenin, one of the most controversial figures of the 20th century.

A great range of literature memoirs, verses, poems, short stories, stories and novels about Lenin were published in the USSR, and a great number of films were made about Lenin. In the Soviet epoch it was a sign of great trust from the side of the Communist Party leaders for an actor to play Lenin in a film.

An innumerable quantity of Lenin’s monuments became an integral part of the Soviet tradition of monumental art, and typical symbols of the Soviet epoch. After the collapse of the USSR lots of Lenin monuments were removed by new authorities or destroyed by various individuals.


Tags: Vladimir Lenin (Ulyanov) Russian history    




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian trains  Spasskaya Tower Festival  Russian Arts and Crafts  Theatre Festivals  Biryulyovo  Erast Garin  VTB Group  Yekaterinburg  Vologda  Fokino  Mars  Moscow  Russian Cinema  Russian Literature  Emporio Armani Caffe  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian journalism  Russian business  Chechnya  Archeological Finds  A5 Group  Rosneft  Medicinces  Melihovo  international cooperation  Contemporary Writers  Gold Bee Design Biennale  company news  Advertizing  Volga River  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Modern Art  Jan Svankmajer  Painting  Archeology  Film Distribution  invest  Lumiere Hall  Russian tourism  Children's Museums  Russian history  Volgograd  Maria Sharapova  Moscow monuments  The Strugatsky Brothers  health  Russian banks  Ilya Ilf  Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky  Pavel Durov  


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites