Add to favorite
 

   

 Catherine I of Russia 


Born:   April, 5th (15) 1684
Deceased:   May, 6th (17) 1727

Russian Empress

      

The birthplace and nationality of Catherine I of Russia still remain vague. Catherine I of Russia (real name Martha), the daughter of Lithuanian peasant Samuil Skavronsky, was the second wife of Peter I of Russia. In 1715 during baptizing into Orthodox Christianity she was named Yekaterina Alekseyevna. Catherine was a weak woman, subject to influences. She had no program of action of her own and relied on advisers in everything. For solving important state affairs the Supreme Privy Council consisting of six persons was founded. The Council had powers of a legislature: no decree of the Empress could be published without discussion in the Council.

After Peter's death all responsibility for ruling the country was laid down on his successors who mostly turned incapable of independent constructive activities. Long wars that Russia led badly affected the country’s financial situation. Because of poor harvests price bread became more expensive and mass discontent accrued. To prevent revolts, the capitation tax was lowered from 74 to 70 kopecks. The Supreme Privy Council abolished the bodies of local authorities established by Peter I, and restored the power of warchiefs.

During the reign of Catherine I the Academy of Sciences was opened, V.Bering's expedition was organized, and St. Alexander Nevsky's award was founded.

Under Catherine I Russia waged war with Turks in Dagestan and Georgia. Catherine’s plan to return Schleswig taken away by Danes back to Duke Holsteinsky led to military attacks of England and Denmark against Russia. In relation to Poland Russia tried to sustain peace policy.

Enterprising and far-sighted Aleksandr Menshikov understood that after the passing of the throne to Peter II, he would lose his influence at court, and therefore Menshikov gained the consent of weakening Catherine to the marriage of his daughter with Tsarevitch Peter II Alekseyevich. In spring of 1727 Catherine fell ill with burning ague and died on May, 6th.

In the will, signed by Tsarevna Elizabeth of Russia instead of her sick mother, Tsarevitch Peter II Alekseyevich was appointed the successor to the throne.


Tags: Catherine I of Russia Russian history The Romanov Family   




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Painting  retail in Russia  Russian currency  tips for travellers  Russian Cinema  Art Museums  ROSCOSMOS  Taman  Korablino  Moscow resorts  Facets Chamber  Russian history  Zaling  Russian Literature  Kremlin  Cancer  Blockade  odd news  Russian directors  protest actions  Far Eastern Federal District  St. Petersburg fountains  Peterhof Palace  environment  Russian gas  Moscow  Russian politics  social behaviour  Monuments to Dogs  Russian oligarchs  oil  Russian oil and gas  Anna Akhmatova  Russian business  Moscow Zoo  Russian tourism  Archeology  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian Rock  New Films  Moscow Architecture  Red Square  Geek Picnic Festival  Garage Art Centre  Roman Abramovich  Exhibitions in Moscow  Aeroflot  Metro  Russian Internet  Suyginsky Forest Park  


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites