Add to favorite
 

   

 Alexander I Romanov


Born:   11 December 1777
Deceased:   01 December 1825

Emperor of Russia

      

Alexander I of Russia was the Emperor and Autocrat of All-Russia (from 12 (24) March, 1801), the elder son of Emperor Paul I and Empress Maria Feodorovna.

Alexander I Pavlovich was born on December, 12th (23) 1777 in Saint Petersburg. In 1801 after the death of his father Paul I (1796 1801), who was killed in the last "palace revolution", Alexander was enthroned. He opened the third century of the Romanovs ruling by aiming at liberal changes in the countrys life. He implemented moderately liberal reforms, developed by the Private Committee and M.M. Speransky. In 1802 eight ministries, new executive authorities, were founded, which contributed to the state centralization and strengthening. In the foreign policy Alexander I manoeuvred between Great Britain and France. In 1805-1807 he participated in Antifrench coalitions, but in 1807-1812 temporarily got closer with France.

Alexander I appeared to be a successful military leader: he won the wars with Turkey (1806-1812), Persia (18041813) and Sweden (1808-1809). Under his reign territories of East Georgia (1801), Finland (1809), Bessarabia (1812), and the former duchy of Warsaw (1815) were annexed to Russia. In the course of Patriotic War of 1812 he decided to give up Moscow to the French invaders led by Napoleon. Napoleon occupied Moscow but fire, starvation and winter frosts forced him to retreat and flee from Russia leaving his army behind. Thus, Russia became the first country that stopped a gigantic advance of the French emperor. After Patriotic War of 1812 Alexander I headed the Antifrench coalition of European nations in 1813-1814. He was one of the heads of the Viennese Congress of 1814-1815 and organizers of the Holy Alliance.

In the later years of his rule Alexander I turned to reaction and even repressive measures. The latter provoked the unsuccessful open revolt of noble young officers, later named Decembrists, in December 1825.

In the last years of his life the Emperor often spoke about his intention to abdicate and hermit; thus, after his unexpected death of typhoid fever in Taganrog (on November, 19th (on December, 1st) 1825) there appeared a legend about the elder Feodor Kuzmich. According to this legend, the person who suddenly died and was buried in Taganrog was not Alexander but his double, whereas the tsar lived a long time more as a hermit in Siberia and died in Tomsk in 1864.


Tags: Russian history Alexander I The Romanov Family   




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Skolkovo  Russian Rock  Volgograd  Russian Literature  Russian oil companies  Censorship  Romanovs  Lazar Gadayev  Yakutia  State Literary Museum  AK-47  FC Anzhi Makhachkala  Willem Barentsz  Art Play  Russian Rock Music  Mstislav Dobuzhinsky  Kemerovo Region  Cafe Sharlau  Moscow parks  Russian football  Russian Cinema  Russian Photographers  LDPR  Boris Grebenshchikov  Painting  Russian police  Lev Kulidzhanov  Gazpromneft  Ukraine crisis  Arts and Crafts  Political History  Russian history  Moscow metro stations  Russian International  Russian singers  Stem Cells  Yury Grigorovich  Sergey Udaltsov  Moscow  Archeology  Russian tourism  Kolomenskoye  English Yard  Siberia  Russian business  Monumental Art  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Victory Day  Rossiya Bank  Exhibitions in Moscow 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites