Add to favorite
 

   

 Alexander II Romanov


Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia

      

Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.


Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian regions  Safe City   Russian currency  Museums in Samara  St. Sophia Cathedral  Russia-Estonia  Vladivostok  Rosoboronexport  Russian business  health  Memorial Estates in Saint Petersburg  Exhibitions in Moscow  Festivals in Moscow  Buryatia  Moscow Zoo  Museums of Kaliningrad  Department of Education of Moscow  Kamchatka  virus   EU sanctions  travel to Russia  Gelendzhik  Monuments in Volgograd  Russian Internet  Liv Ullmann  Vologda region  Philately  Russia visa-free   Yuli Gusman  Crimea  Tatiana Doronina  Russian Architecture  society  Great Patriotic War  Russian tourism  Russian sportswomen  Tourist Center   Shakespeare  Sovremennik Theatre   St. Petersburg  Valery Gergiev  Russian Cinema  biology  Airports of Russia  environment  Russian shops  buy Russian designers  Rosneft  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Moscow 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites