Add to favorite


 Alexander II Romanov

Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia


Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.

Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   

comments powered by Disqus

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
Jazz  Russian Literature  Baikal  Exhibitions in Moscow  Unpiloted Aircrafts  Archeology  Russian history  Fashion and Style in Photography  Moscow  Japan  Sverdlovsk region  ecology  Russian cuisine  parks of Moscow  Russian polls  Erwin Blumenfeld  Skolkovo  Russian tourism  Kamchatka  Ice Breakers  Zeya  Kremlin  mixed rally  Russian Cinema  Autonomous Video Surveillance System  LGBT in Russia  Yoga  Perm Bear  Painting  Russian football team  Mark Markov-Greenberg  Metro  films  Charity  Arkhangelsk  Exoplanets  Aeroexpress  Russian oligarchs  Russian business  Voronezh   road signs  Russian retail sector  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Alexander Sokurov  Natalia Vodianova  Imaginarium 3D Museum  real estate in Russia  gold and currency reserves  religion  e-commerce 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites