Add to favorite
 

   

 Alexander II Romanov


Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia

      

Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.


Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Petersburg events  Anzhi Makhachkala  Bolotnaya case  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian religion  Krasnodar region  Baikal Electronics  Mariinsky theatre  Russian tourism  Painting  Monument to Soldier and Gusli Player  Konstantin Rudakov  Ivanovo  Mars  Demographic Situation  Orthodox Church  Chelyabinsk meteorite  Olympic Games 2012 London  Gazprom  Saint Petersburg Museums  Russian Cinema  Donetsk  Exotarrium  Archeology  Arkaim  Novgorod  Azov  Russian business  Malaga  Moscow  Russian art  Russian explorers  Russian Traditions  Metro  Kazan Gifts  Peter Aidu  Russian journalists  Treasures  Bruno Freindlich  Russian Literature  Nizhny Novgorod  education  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Tyumen plane crush  Anatoli Savchenko  Monuments  Russian history  Russian rulers  Pussy Riot  Russian security service 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites