Add to favorite


 Alexander II Romanov

Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia


Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.

Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   

comments powered by Disqus

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
execution list  Painting  Exhibitions in Moscow  obituary  Republic of Tatarstan  Samara  Russian religion  Russia's gas reserves  beauty contest  Konstantin Bronzit  Kirov  Eleazar Langman  Archeology  Football  Russian Cinema  Novosibirsk  Kremlin  Russian tourism  Russian Literature  Gold Autumn Festival  Novogorod  Science  Moscow Architecture  Moscow  Ekaterina Melnikova  SmartWatch  Russian business  Cars  The Best of Russia  Russian Poetry  Exhibitions in St. Petersburg  Macedonia  Marianna Verevkina  Synagogues  Russian painting  Russian painters  North Caucasus  Russian cuisine  VTB  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Primorsky Territory  Bologoye  children  Chuck Berry  Jeremy Clarkson   Russian history  Russian gas  Vladikavkaz  Olympic Bear  Russian architecture 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites