Add to favorite


 Alexander II Romanov

Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia


Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.

Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share


search on the map
Moscow International Marathon   human rights in Russia  Fashion Futurum  International Music Festival  Vladimir Fortov  the History Museum  Yakutsk  Russian tennis  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Peterhof  Kabardino-Balkaria  Park Live  Izhevsk  retail in Russia  Russian army  Graphic Art  Spartak Moscow  Igor Sechin  Russian courts  Russian Literature  Maks aviation show  Japan  Modern Art  Russian business  Moscow  southern Russia  Exhibitions in Moscow  Krasnoyarsk  Krasnodar Territory  Russian history  How to Get to the Rostov Arena Stadium  Lukoil   Saransk  Russian airports  Nikolay Emanuel  the Crimea  Still Life  tobacco market  St. Petersburg  Archeology  Russian tourism  Crimea  Russian opera  Russian Cinema  pritest actions  Ice Palace  Kolomenskoye  Playwrights  World City Political Walk Helsinki  Tourist Information Centre 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites