Add to favorite
 

   

 Ivan Bunin


Born:   October 22, 1870
Deceased:   November 8, 1953

Russian writer, Nobel winner for literature

      

"for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"

Ivan Bunin

I come from an old and noble house that has given to Russia a good many illustrious persons in politics as well as in the arts, among whom two poets of the early nineteenth century stand out in particular: Anna Búnina and Vasíly Zhukóvsky, one of the great names in Russian literature, the son of Athanase Bunin and the Turk Salma.
 

All my ancestors had close ties with the soil and the people: they were country gentlemen. My parents were no exception. They owned estates in Central Russia, in those fertile steppes in which the ancient Muscovite czars had settled colonists from all over the country for their protection against Tartar invasions from the South. That is why in that region there developed the richest of all Russian dialects, and almost all of our great writers from Turgenev to Leo Tolstoy have come from there.
 

I was born in Vorónezh in 1870; my childhood and youth were spent almost entirely in the country on my father's estates. During my adolescence the death of my little sister caused a violent religious crisis, but it left no permanent scars on my soul. I had a passion for painting, which, I think, shows in my writings. I wrote both poetry and prose fairly early and my works were also published from an early date.
 

Ever since I began to publish, my books have been both in prose and poetry, original writings as well as translations (from the English). If one divides my work by genre, one would find volumes of original poetry, two volumes of translations, and ten volumes of prose.
 

My works were soon recognized by the critics. They were subsequently honoured on several occasions, receiving in particular the Pushkin Prize, the highest prize awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1909 that Academy elected me one of its twelve honorary members, a position that corresponds to the immortals of the French Academy. Among their number was Leo Tolstoy.
 

Nonetheless, there were several reasons why I was not widely known for a considerable time. I kept aloof from politics and in my writings did not touch upon questions concerning it. I did not belong to any literary school; I was neither decadent, nor symbolist, romantic, or naturalist. Moreover, I frequented few literary circles. I lived chiefly in the country; I travelled much in Russia as well as abroad; I visited Italy, Sicily, Turkey, the Balkans, Greece, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, and the tropics. According o the words of Saadi I tried to «look at the world and leave upon it the imprint of my soul». I was interested in problems of philosophy, religion, morals, and history.
 

In 1910 I published my novel Derévnya [The Village]. It was the first of a series of works to give picture of the Russian without make-up: his character and his soul, his original complexity, his foundations at once luminous and obscure, but almost always essentially tragic. These «ruthless» works caused passionate discussions among our Russian critics and intellectuals who, owing to numerous circumstances peculiar to Russian society and - in these latter days - to sheer ignorance or political advantage, have constantly idealized the people. In short, these works made me notorious; this success has been confirmed by more recent works.
 

I left Moscow because of the Bolshevik regime in May, 1918; until February, 1920, when I finally emigrated abroad, I lived in the south of Russia. Since then I have lived in France, dividing my time between Paris and the maritime Alps.

Biographical note on Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin

 

In addition to Derévnya, Bunin (1870-1953) wrote such novels as Sukhodól (1911-12) and Mítina lyubóv (1924-25) [Mitya's Love], the short story Gospodín iz San Francisco (19I6) [The Gentleman from San Francisco], end the autobiographical novel in two volumes, Zhizn Arsénieva (Part I, Istóki dnéy [1930], translated as The Well of Days; Part II, Lika [1939]). He is the author of several volumes of short stories mixed with poetry, and, in 1950, he published the autobiography Vospominániya [Memories and Portraits]. Bunin died in France in 1953. There are two editions of his collected works - one in twelve volumes (Berlin,1934-36) and the other in six volumes (Moscow, 1956) - as well as collections of his stories (Moscow, 1961) end of his poetry (Leningrad, 1961).

From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969

 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Ivan Bunin died on November 8, 1953.

Link to Ivan Bunin's Banquet Speech:
http://nobelprize.org/literature/laureates/1933/bunin-speech.html

 


Tags: Ivan Bunin Russian literature Russian writers Russian Nobel laureates  




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Solovetsky Islands  Exhibitions in St. Petersburg  Russian musicians  Russian Composers  Russian mobile operators  Tel Aviv  Gelendzhik  Russian defense  Nature  Transaero  Moscow  Russian Cinema  Archeology  Film Festival  Russian ballet dancers  odd news  Exhibitions in Moscow  Mikhail Prokhorov  Russian tycoons  Industrial Tours  Russian energy companies   the Pole of Cold  S  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian tourism  Crash of TU-154  hacker attack  medicine  Russian culture  Russian business  Science and Technology  Russian circus  Russian Literature  Yulmart  Russky Island  Kurban Berdyev  Moscow Vnukovo  Dima Yakovlev Law  Monuments in Moscow  Painting  Russian mobile companies  New Year celebrations  Cowshed Bowling   Nikolay Ozerov  Christmas  car production   Street Art  Russian Orthodox Church  Russian history  invest 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites