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 Ivan Kliun

Born:   August 20 (on September 1) 1873
Deceased:   December 13, 1943

Russian artist and art theorist, master of Russian avant-garde of the first half of the 20th century.


Ivan Kliun was born in 1870. He started his painting career with Impressionist still lifes and landscapes and finished with meticulously realistic, scrupulously adjusted landscapes and still lifes. 

Ivan Kliun studied art in the 1880s -90s in Warsaw, and the Drawing School of the Association for Encouragement of Arts. In the early 1890s Ivan Kliun moved to Moscow, where he visited art studios of F.I. Rerberg, V. F. Fischer, and I.I. Mashkov.

 In 1907 Ivan Kliun met Kazimir Malevich and joined his theoretical and creative quest for new ways in art. In 1910 Ivan Kliun approached members of the Youth Association.  
Ivan Kliun painted The Portrait of Artist Malevich in 1912, The Passing Landscape in 1913, The Gramophone and The Ozonizer in 1914, Suprematism and The Flying Sculpture in 1915, and The Musician in 1916. 
Ivan Kliun worked on creation of picture reliefs sculpture paintings by combining glass, metal, wood and other materials from 1913. The artist became the founder of The Moscow Salon in 1910, created a Suprematist pamphlet and illustrated the booklet Secret Defects of Academists by A. E. Kruchenykh and published the essay Primitives of the 20th Century in 1915. Ivan Kliun became a member of Kazimir Malevich’ group Supremus in 1916. 
After the October Revolution Ivan Kliun was engaged in organizational activities a lot. He headed the central All-Russian Exhibition Bureau (1917-21) and taught painting in VKHUTEMAS. 
Ivan Kliun illustrated the book Texture of the Word. Declaration by A.E. Kruchenykh in 1923. He went on with his abstract art. He painted Scarlet Spectrum in 1919, Suprematism in 1921, Portrait of A.E. Kruchenykh in 1926, and Electrification (glass, metal, and wood). 
From the late 1930s Ivan Kliun unexpectedly resorted to landscapes and realistic still-lives, which he gave away to his acquaintances. 

The artist died in 1943.

Tags: Ivan Kliun Russian painters Russian Artists   

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